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Târgovişte (old spelling: Tîrgovişte) is a city in the Dâmboviţa county of Romania. It is situated on the right bank of the Ialomiţa River. As of 2003, it had an estimated population of 89,000. One village, Priseaca, is administered by the city.
Târgovişte is a name derived from Slavic, its original meaning being of marketplace, cf. Serbian Трговиште and Bulgarian Търговище, being derived from the slavic word trъgъ, which means market.
First attested in 1396, in the Travel Accounts of Johannes Schiltberger, it became the capital of the Wallachian voivodship, probably during the reign of Mircea cel Bătrân, when the Royal Court („Curtea Domnească”) was built. Vlad III Dracula later added the Chindia Tower, now a symbol of the city.
In 1597 the Hajduks of Mihai Viteazul and Starina Novak fought and won a decisive battle against the Ottoman Empire in Târgovişte.
After Constantin Brâncoveanu moved the capital to Bucharest, Târgovişte lost its importance, decaying economically as its population decreased.
Târgovişte was the site of the trial and execution of Nicolae Ceauşescu and his wife Elena in December 1989. Interestingly, there are towns with the same name (albeit with different spellings as they are written in our days in the Cyrillic alphabet) in both Bulgaria and Serbia.
The Romanian and Bulgarian towns are twinned. The name is of Slavic origin, from the root -trg- or -tǎrg- („trade”) and the placename suffix -ište, and means „marketplace”.
A short history of the Chindia Tower
Vlad III the Impaler (Vlad Ţepeş)
The coil-staircase inside of the Chindia Tower
Woodblock print of Vlad the Impaler dining in the presence of numerous impaled corpses
A view from the up (down are the ruins of Royal Court)
Royal Court ("Curtea Domnească") was built in the time of Mircea the Elder (cel Bătrân; 1355 – 1418)
The church inside of Royal Court
Other view from up
The base of Chindia Tower
Walls in the Royal Court
Footbridge for tourists
The Chindia Tower was built by Vlad III Dracula, in 15th century
The main corridor inside of Royal Court
Other photo with the church inside of Royal Court, which is in reconstruction, together with Royal Court
The Stelea Church-Targoviste, it was built in 1645 by the Moldavian ruler, Vasile Lupu, on the place of an old monastery belonging to Stelea Spataru. It was erected as a sign of friendship to Matei Basarab that's why it was named the Church of Reconciliation
Consiliul Judeţean Dâmboviţa (Dâmboviţa County Council)
The center of the city
Muntenia Shopping Center
Other photo from the center (it was a raining day :()
Kaufland supermarket in Târgovişte
The Metropolitan Church-Targoviste, it was built in the 19th century on the place of an old church belonging to Neagoe Basarab, ruler who moved here the Metropolitan Seat from Curtea de Arges
Statue of Michael the Brave "Mihai Viteazul" (Reign: 11 October 1593 – 9 August 1601)
The Dealu Monastery-it was built by Radu the Great between 1495-1508, the monastery represents one of the most valuable monuments of Medieval architecture in Wallachia. In the monastery is the head of Michael the Brave
Near to Stelea monastery are houses for nuns
Here is buried the head of Michael the Brave, which was taken by Radu Buzescu and put here
The church of the monastery is dedicated to Saint Nicholas
The belfry from Stelea
Old center of Târgovişte
Biserica Târgului "Fair church" (1653)
Town Hall of Târgovişte
Tony Bulandra theatre