Odessa (Ukraine)

For more details click on the map

For more details click on the map

Odessa or Odesa (Ukrainian: Одеса; Russian: Одесса; Romanian: Odesa; Greek: Οδησσός; Yiddish: אדעס) is the administrative center of the Odessa Oblast (province) located in southern Ukraine. The city is a major seaport located on the shore of the Black Sea and the fourth largest city in Ukraine with a population of 1,029,000 (as of the 2001 census).

Odessa was founded by Hacı I Giray, the Khan of Crimea, in 1240 and originally named Khadjibey after him. After a period of Lithuanian control, it passed into the domain of the Ottoman Sultan in 1529 and remained in Ottoman hands until the Ottoman Empire’s defeat in the Russo-Turkish War of 1792.

The Russians renamed the city Odessa in 1794. From 1819–1858 Odessa was a free port. During the Soviet period it was the most important port of trade in the Soviet Union and a Soviet naval base. On January 1, 2000 the Quarantine Pier of Odessa trade sea port was declared a free port and free economic zone for a term of 25 years.

In the 19th century it was the fourth largest city of Imperial Russia, after Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Warsaw. Its historical architecture has a style more Mediterranean than Russian, having been heavily influenced by French and Italian styles. Some buildings are built in a mixture of different styles, including Art Nouveau, Renaissance and Classicist.

Following the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 during World War I, Odessa was occupied by several groups, including the Ukrainian Tsentral’na Rada, the French Army, the Red Army and the White Army. Finally, in 1920, the Red Army took control of Odessa and united it with the Ukrainian SSR, which later became part of the USSR.

During World War II, from 1941–1944, Odessa was subject to Romanian administration, as the city had been made part of the Transnistria occupation district. Romanians used the name ‘Odessa’ as the Ukrainian version of the city. The Romanian occupation may be described a „soft one” compared to the short period of German occupation in 1944.

The Romanian commanding General made an unofficial armistice with the partisans hidden in the city’s catacombs, who in turn did not mount much resistance to the Romanians.

When the people of Odessa suffered from hunger, the Romanians transported grain from Bessarabia to Odessa in 1942 and 1943. It is told that the Romanians imported the best cognac and wines, in addition to two train loads of the best French food in 1942 to the restaurants of Odessa, from France.

During the April 1944 battle Odessa suffered severe damage and many casualties. Many parts of Odessa were damaged during its siege and recapture on 10 April 1944, when the city was finally liberated by the Red Army.

Following the Siege of Odessa, and the Axis occupation, approximately 25,000 Odessans (mostly Jews) were murdered and over 35,000 deported. Most of the atrocities were committed during the first six months of the occupation which officially begun on 17 October 1941, after the bombing of the Romanian HQ and the subsequent brutal response of the Romanian military.

After this time period, the Romanian administration changed its policy, refusing to deport the remaining Jewish population to extermination camps in German occupied Poland, and allowing Jews to work as hired labourers. As a result, despite the tragic events of 1941, the survival of the Jews in this area was higher than in other areas of occupied Europe.

Source: Wikipedia

Travel journal

If you are in Chisinau and you want to arrive in Odessa, the best idea is to get a vehicle –a bus from North Station (near Calea Basarabiei market).

So we did.

At 07.30 we took the first bus which goes to Odessa and we paid for a ticket 93 Moldavian lei (it means 5.8 euros). The bus-driver gave us an inquest to complete for entering in Ukraine.

A half of this inquest you give when you come in the country and another one when you leave it. We passed the customs very quickly, without problems and in 4-5 hours we arrived in Odessa.

As we didn’t have a map for orientation, we started to ask people how to arrive to Potemkin Stairs, which was our first visit. Honestly, we tell you, you must be patient with Ukrainian people because how many people you ask, you will receive different contradictory answers to arrive at the place you need 🙂

In this way, we took the trolley number 5, we paid for the ticket 1 grivna (0.08 euros) and after 4 stations we were on Tiraspol’skaya Street. We walked for other 15 minutes among some nice old buildings and we arrived at the Poteomkin Stairs.

By the way, the streets from Odessa are very nice in autumn :P.

We visited the Passage from Odessa which impressed us very much by its architecture. We have to recognize the prices from those shops were pretty high. On the streets, we saw a lot of expensive bars, restaurants and pubs, but interesting arranged, however, with few clients.

From the beginning, we were a bit disappointed a cause of those stairs-we thought it would be more imposing, but it looked like some usually stairs. From the right side, there was a funicular which leave you down, at the beginning of the stairs.

Sincerely, we don’t see the meaning of this funicular because the distance is not so long, it’s only 142 meters you can descend in 2 minutes!

A funny moment was when we had to split thousands of balloons threw from the roof of a building-people from Odessa celebrated the inauguration of a shopping center. It was nice to see people of all ages doing a thing that gave them a smile on theirs faces.

If you are in Ukraine, it is impossible to not respect the tradition- we bought beer and dry salt fish! How the harbour was near, we had a freezing walk on the promenade; the sea was not so hospitable with us.

At half past 5 we had to take the bus to return in Chisinau so we had to hurry to arrive at the bus station. We had the same problem: all people we asked what trolley we must take gave us different answers, but in the end we arrived to the final destination. 😛

From the bus station we bought some carrot pies (3.5 griva=0.25 euros each pie). The ticket price Odessa-Chisinau was 53 grivnas/person (equal 4 euros). At the customs; we gave the second part of that inquest we completed before we entered in Ukraine and in 4 hours we were in Chisinau.

Odessa seemed us to be a nice, pretty big city, with a lot of interesting places to visit, however, better in summer 😉

Bus station (Avtovokzal)

Bus station (Avtovokzal)

A kiosk with all kind of crumpets, just near to bus station

A kiosk with all kind of crumpets, just near to bus station

A soviet block

A soviet block

A very width tram

A very width tram (the ticket is 1 UAH which means 0.08 EURO)

Just a photo from the center, with ukrainian yellow marshutka

Just a photo from the center, with ukrainian yellow marshrutka

A bus...

A bus...

A nice building, with Cuba Cafe Bar

A nice building, with Cuba Cafe

Paved road in the old center

Paved road in the old center

Trolley...

Trolley...

Old center (the road to harbour)

Old center (the road to harbour)

DE TRADUS

Military of Ukraine (Southern forces)

Real hypermarket

Real hypermarket

You can observe the colour of the bars (Ukrainian flag)

You can observe the colour of the bars (Ukrainian flag)

I think this is Preobrazhenskiy Cathedral from Sobornaya Square

I think this is Preobrazhenskiy Cathedral from Sobornaya Square

Beeline mobile phone company from Russia and life:), Kyivstar, Golden Telecom and MTS from Ukraine

Beeline mobile phone company from Russia and life:), Kyivstar, Golden Telecom and MTS from Ukraine

The Passage from Odessa (1899) with baroque style

The Passage from Odessa (1899) "baroque style"

Built in 1899, by polish architect Lev Vlodek, the passage belonged to the merchant Mendelevich. Now, passage is one of the lare largest auction centers in Odessa

Built in 1899, by polish architect Lev Vlodek, the passage belonged to the merchant Mendelevich. Now, passage is one of the lare largest auction centers in Odessa

McDonald's

McDonald's

An exchange panel

An exchange panel

This is the monument of the founders of the city, build in 1900, restored in 2007

This is the monument of the founders of the city, build in 1900, restored in 2007

Nice buildings...

Nice buildings...

That was near to the Potemkin Stairs

That was near to the Potemkin Stairs

The 142-metre-long Potemkin Stairs

The 142-metre-long Potemkin Stairs

Slavic style :)

Slavic style 🙂

Wedding near to the Black Sea :P

Wedding near to the Black Sea 😛

The Potemkin Stairs were constructed between 1837–1841

The Potemkin Stairs were constructed between 1837–1841

Hair for all Ukraine from Yulia Volodymyrivna Tymoshenko (Ukrainian: Юлія Володимирівна Тимошенко), the Prime Minister of Ukraine

Hair for all Ukraine from Yulia Volodymyrivna Tymoshenko (Ukrainian: Юлія Володимирівна Тимошенко), the Prime Minister of Ukraine 🙂

In Kiev the machine is cheaper :)

In Kiev is cheaper 🙂

Trains near to the Odessa Harbour

Trains near to the Odessa Harbour

I love you, my Odessa :P

I love you, my Odessa 😛

The highway from the harbour

The highway from the harbour

An info panel at the harbour

An info panel at the harbour

An ukrainian vessel

An ukrainian vessel

Other vessels

Other vessels

Hotel Odessa on the Black Sea, just near to the harbour

Hotel Odessa on the Black Sea, just near to the harbour

UKRFERRY "Caledonia" which can take you to Istanbul :P

UKRFERRY "Caledonia" which can take you to Istanbul 😛

Lenin is alive :(

Lenin is alive 😦

A cute ukrainian cat :)

A cute ukrainian cat 😛

Public phone cabin

Public phone cabin

A panel with the condition of weather in the Bus station

A panel with the condition of weather in the Bus station

Gura Portiţei (România)

For more informations about this place, click on the map

For more informations about this place, click on the map

The little harbour

The little harbour

The exit from the harbour

The exit from the harbour

Some small houses on the beach (63 lei/15 euro per night)

Some small houses on the beach (63 lei/15 euro per night)

Other houses

Other houses

On the beach...

On the beach...

In the center of the complex

In the center of the complex

Other photo with the harbour

Other photo with the harbour

The beach and Black Sea

A photo of the beach and the Black Sea made under umbrella 😛

Lifeguard tower

Lifeguard tower

One of the two mini-bays from the beach

One of the two mini-bays from the beach

Here you can listen old romanian and russian songs in the night, at a big fire. The atmosphere is wonderful

Here you can listen old romanian and russian songs in the night, at a big fire. The atmosphere is wonderful

The second mini-bay

The second mini-bay

Outside the complex, in the northern part

Outside the complex, in the northern part

Just a little swamp with many rowdy frogs and snakes :)

Just a little swamp with many rowdy frogs and snakes 🙂

Millions of sea shells...

Millions of sea shells...

One of the most beautiful walk that you can make near a sea

One of the most beautiful walk that you can make near a sea

You can see Crimea ? :)

You can see Crimea ? 🙂

A log astray

A log astray

Do you wanna play with them? :)

Do you wanna play with them? 🙂

Other log...

Other log...

In the left side you have the Danube Delta with Goloviţa Lake and Black Sea in the right

In the left side you have the Danube Delta with Goloviţa Lake and Black Sea in the right

The Place of Love... (i will remember this place my entire life)

The Place of Love... (i will remember this place my entire life)

The sunset over the swamps

The sunset over the swamps

A cute little frog near to our house :)

A cute little frog near to our house 🙂

Jurilovca (România)

Click on the map for more details

Click on the map for more details

Jurilovca (Russian: Журиловка) is a village and commune in Tulcea county, Dobrudja, Romania. The commune includes the villages of Vişina and Sălcioara along with Jurilovca village.

It was founded by Lipovans at the beginning of the 19th century; the first documentary attestation is from 1826. Although at its beginnings it was a small village ( hamlet ), the settlement has grown and become, at the end of 19-th century, an important fishing center in Danube Delta area.

Nowadays it has the biggest community of fishermen in Romania, and it has the most modern fish processing factory in the country and Eastern Europe.

Jurilovca is also a touristic center. At about 15 km across the Goloviţa Lake is Gura Portiţei, a beach resort at Black Sea. You can reach there by little vessel and by boat. Another touristic attractions are Argamum Citadel and Doloşman Cape.

Entire area is a part of Danube Delta Biosphere Reservation.

The Lipovans are Russians by ethnicity and Old Believers Orthodox by confession. This confession is the result of Nikonian Reform. In 1652, Nikon, the Patriarch of Russian Orthodox Church, initiated a religious reform which had in view adaptation of Russian Church at the rest of the Orthodox Churches, in fact a formal reform.

The result was the division of Russian society in two: Nikonians, those who accepted the Reform, and Starovers (Old Believers), those who did not accept the Reform. The last ones, being chased, emigrated outside Russia, a part of them arriving on Romanian territory, north of Moldavia and Dobruja.

Source: Wikipedia

The little harbour from Jurilovca (from this harbour you can take a boat to Gura Portiţei)

The little harbour from Jurilovca (from this harbour you can take a boat to Gura Portiţei)

The church for Starovers (Old Believers)

The church for Starovers (Old Believers)

A panel with the map of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reservation

A panel with the map of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reservation

Some boats from the harbour...

Some boats from the harbour...

Our motor boat (in almost 30 min we were at Gura Portiţei)

Our motor boat (in almost 30 min we were at Gura Portiţei)

Other motor boat...

Other motor boat...

The exit route from the harbour through a small channel

The exit route from the harbour through a small channel

The gates from the church in Jurilovca

The gates from the church in Jurilovca

This is the new church where lipovans made their religious ceremonies (The old church is near and it's in reconstruction)

This is the new church where lipovans made their religious ceremonies (The old church is near and it's in reconstruction)

A small well (fountain) near the churches

A small well (fountain) near the churches

Other photo with the new church

Other photo with the new church

Communist blocks in Jurilovca

Communist blocks in Jurilovca

The police station from Jurilovca (the name is also written in russian)

The police station from Jurilovca (the name is also written in Russian)

The small Town Hall

The small Town Hall

In the center..

In the center..

Here you can see written "Town Hall" in Russian, after Romanian

Here you can see written "Town Hall" in Russian, after Romanian

An ugly panel with the routes and distances from the centre of Jurilovca

An ugly panel with the routes and distances from the centre of Jurilovca

Russian1

The Russian Community from Romania

The Romanian flag...

The Romanian flag...

Russian2

The Community of Russian Lipovans from Jurilovca

Constanţa (România)

Constanţa on the map

Click on the map for more informations about Constanţa

Constanţa (historical names: Tomis, Greek: Κωνστάντια or Konstantia, Turkish: Köstence, Bulgarian: Кюстенджа) is the oldest living city in Romania, founded around 600 BC.

The city is located in the Dobruja region of Romania, on the Black Sea coast. It is the capital of Constanţa County and the largest city in the region

The city of Constanța, fifth largest in Romania, is part of a group of seven roughly equal-size cities which rank after Bucharest, Romania’s capital.

The Constanţa metropolitan area was founded in 2007 and comprises 14 localities located at a maximum distance of 30 km (19 mi) from the city and, with 446,595 inhabitants, is the second largest metropolitan area in Romania, after Bucharest.

The Port of Constanţa has an area of 39.26 km2 (15.16 sq mi) and a length of about 30 km (19 mi). It is the largest port on the Black Sea, and the fourth largest port in Europe.

Source: Wikipedia

The city bus

The city bus

The railway station

The railway station

On a walk to the promenade (you can see the port in the right)

On a walk to the promenade (you can see the Constanţa Shipyard in the right)

On the promenade, near to the old Casino

On the promenade, near to the old Casino

Fishes salute you :)

Fishes salute you 🙂

Other photo with Casino...

Other photo with Casino...

The Aquarium from Constanţa

The Aquarium from Constanţa

Inside of aquarium

Inside of aquarium

(Anguilla anguilla) European wounded eel :)))

(Anguilla anguilla) European wounded eel :)))

Clarias gariepinus or African catfish

Clarias gariepinus or African catfish

Goldfish (Carassius auratus)

Goldfish (Carassius auratus)

Stingray (Dasyatidae)

Stingray (Dasyatidae)

Beluga or European sturgeon (Huso huso)

I think that is Beluga or European sturgeon (Huso huso)

A Black Sea relief map

A Black Sea relief map

Pangasius hypophthalmus

Pangasius hypophthalmus

Carp (Cyprinidae)

Carp (Cyprinidae)

Turtle (Testudines)

Turtles (Testudines) No ninja 🙂

I dont know how to say in english "STABILOPÓD" :)

I dont know how to say in english "STABILOPÓD" 🙂

The bus station schedule

The bus station schedule

Balchik (Bulgaria)

Balchik (Bulgarian: Балчик; Turkish: Balçık; Greek: Κρουνοι, Krounoi, Διονυσοπολις, Dionysopolis; Romanian: Balcic) is a Black Sea coastal town and seaside resort in the Southern Dobruja area of northeastern Bulgaria. It is located in Dobrich Oblast and is 42 km northeast of Varna.

The town sprawls scenically along hilly terraces descending from the Dobruja plateau to the sea. The ancient Greek colony of Krounoi in Moesia (also known as Dionysopolis, after Dionysus), later a Greek-Byzantine fortress, stood on the site of an older Thracian settlement.

Under the Ottoman Empire, the town came to be known with its present name, which perhaps derived from a Gagauz word meaning „small town” (as opposed to the „large town” of Varna). Another opinion is that its actual name derived from Balik’s name.

After the liberation of Bulgaria, Balchik developed as centre of a rich agricultural region, wheat-exporting port, and district (okoliya) town, and later, as a major tourist destination with the beachfront resort of Albena to its south.

The ethnic composition gradually changed from mostly Gagauz and Tatar/Turkish to predominantly Bulgarian. However, the town retains a sizable Turkish minority, and a Ottoman mosque remains to serve the Muslim minority.

Between 1913-1916 and 1919-1940, Balchik was part of Romania.

During Romania’s administration, the Balchik Palace was the favourite summer residence of Queen Marie of Romania and her immediate family.

The town is the site of Marie’s Oriental villa, the place where her heart was kept, in accordance with her last wishes, until 1940 (when the Treaty of Craiova awarded the region back to Bulgaria).

It was then moved to Romania. Today, the Balchik Palace and the adjacent Balchik Botanical Garden are the town’s most popular landmarks. Currently, three 18-hole golf courses are being developed around town, two designed by Gary Player and one by Ian Woosnam.

Source: Wikipedia

The hill near Black Sea

The hill near Black Sea

Information centre

Information centre

The National Union Attack (Bulgarian: Национален съюз Атака, Natsionalen Sǎyuz Ataka). Bulgarian nationalist party

The National Union Attack (Bulgarian: Национален съюз Атака, Natsionalen Sǎyuz Ataka). Bulgarian nationalist party

"Swimming forbidden" SHARKS !!!  (joke) :P

"Swimming forbidden" SHARKS !!! (joke) 😛

Beautiful photo from pontoon over the hills

Beautiful photo from pontoon over the hills

Vegetation

Vegetation

Bulgarian flag

Bulgarian flag

Sea gull

Sea gull

A small panorama of the beach from the pontoon

A small panorama of the beach from the pontoon

Ships near to the pontoon

Ships near to the pontoon

A view of the pontoon

A view of the pontoon

Another view of the hills...

Another view of the hills...

The beach

The beach

Another photo with the beach

Another photo with the beach

Just Black Sea...

Just Black Sea...

Crapy algae

Crapy algae

A small tent with food and drinks

A small tent with food and drinks

A small mosque in the town

A small mosque in the town

A street near to the center

A street near to the center

A small street to the Germanos shop

A small street to the Germanos shop

Some communist blocks in the center

Some communist blocks in the center

A small shop

A small shop

Nice house on the hill

Nice house on the hill

Orthodox Church "Saint George"

Orthodox Church "Saint George"

At the complex

At the complex

Near to the center

Near to the center

On the hill

On the hill

Some gypsy houses

Some gypsy houses

The same old houses (mostly of them are renovated)

The same old houses (mostly of them are renovated)

A gypsy party (Čoček music style)

A gypsy party (Čoček music style)

Beautiful panorama over the hill

Beautiful panorama over the hill

A small street

A small street