Kraków (Krakow or Cracow) is one of the largest and oldest cities in Poland, and is a popular tourist location, containing a World Heritage Site in the historic centre.
Situated on the Vistula river (Polish: Wisła) in the Lesser Poland region, the city dates back to the 7th century. Kraków has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, cultural and artistic life, and is one of Poland’s most important economic centres.
It was the capital of Poland from 1038 to 1596, the capital of the Grand Duchy of Kraków from 1846 to 1918, and the capital of Kraków Voivodeship from the 14th century to 1999.
It is now the capital of the Lesser Poland Voivodeship.
The city has grown from a Stone Age settlement to Poland’s second most important city. It has grown out from a hamlet on Wawel Hill, and was reported as a busy trading centre of Slavonic Europe in 965.
With the emergence of the Second Polish Republic, Kraków restored its role as a major academic and cultural centre with the establishment of new universities.
Souvenirs inside of Sukiennice (Cloth Hall) in Main Market Square
A big wheel
Neo-Gothic chapel of Blessed Bronisława erected by the Austrian authorities in 1856-1861 inside the citadel surrounding the Kościuszko Mound in the Zwierzyniec district of Kraków
At the top of Kościuszko Mound (Kopiec Kościuszki) 326 metres (1,070 ft) above sea level, with a panoramic view of the Vistula River and the city
Other view from Kościuszko Mound
A panel with the history of the Mound
On the road to the top...
Note the group of visitors atop the upper brick wall (extreme left) for actual scale
A Polish cannon
In the car, on the road to the centre
A nice street near to the Main Market Square, in the center of Kraków