It was founded by Lipovans at the beginning of the 19th century; the first documentary attestation is from 1826. Although at its beginnings it was a small village ( hamlet ), the settlement has grown and become, at the end of 19-th century, an important fishing center in Danube Delta area.
Nowadays it has the biggest community of fishermen in Romania, and it has the most modern fish processing factory in the country and Eastern Europe.
Jurilovca is also a touristic center. At about 15 km across the Goloviţa Lake is Gura Portiţei, a beach resort at Black Sea. You can reach there by little vessel and by boat. Another touristic attractions are Argamum Citadel and Doloşman Cape.
Entire area is a part of Danube Delta Biosphere Reservation.
The Lipovans are Russians by ethnicity and Old Believers Orthodox by confession. This confession is the result of Nikonian Reform. In 1652, Nikon, the Patriarch of Russian Orthodox Church, initiated a religious reform which had in view adaptation of Russian Church at the rest of the Orthodox Churches, in fact a formal reform.
The result was the division of Russian society in two: Nikonians, those who accepted the Reform, and Starovers (Old Believers), those who did not accept the Reform. The last ones, being chased, emigrated outside Russia, a part of them arriving on Romanian territory, north of Moldavia and Dobruja.