Hărman (România)

Hărman (GermanHonigbergHungarianSzászhermány) is a former Saxon village in Braşov CountyRomania. It is located some 10 km east of Braşov, in the Burzenland region of southeastern Transylvania.

Source: Wikipedia

The Harman fortress is located 8 km north-east of Brasov. It dates back to the 13th century when the Saxons built the original church in a Romanesque style which was restored in a Gothic style.

Strong walls and bulwarks surrounded the church and on its sides there were massive towers. Conceived in the architectural style of the time, the church has a 50m high tower surrounded by four small towers. The local population added new parts to the original church in order to make it more useful to their needs. The chorus was built in square shape with a vault looking like a cross. It was surrounded by two chapels, as were Halmeag and Bartolomeu churches, indicating the influence of the Cistercian’s style.

The most significant event in the history of the fortification is the building in the 14th century of a massive tower on the West side for protective purposes. Though besieged 47 times during the history it never surrendered.

Source: Transylvaniatrips

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Slatina (România)

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Slatina is the capital city of Olt county, Romania, on the river Olt.

Population (2002): 79,171

The town of Slatina was first mentioned on January 20, 1368 in an official document issued by Vladislav I Vlaicu, Prince of Wallachia. The document stated that merchants from the Transylvanian city of Braşov would not pay customs when passing through Slatina. The word Slatina is of Slavic origin, stemming from Slam-tina, „salted land” or „salty water”; a small minority promotes the theory that the term originates in the Latin „Salatina”.

One of the oldest private businesses in Romania is the Slatina-based pastry shop La atletul albanez („The Albanian Athlete”).

Notable natives

Source: Wikipedia

Travel journal

Ok… We must recognize… We can’t stay without traveling somewhere… 😀 It passed a couple of days and again, another location… We are definitely addicted of knowing new places…

As usually before this type of escape we had council, we took into consideration many locations. We have always a list with places to visit. We checked the weather news because it comes the autumn and the time is not appropriate to go, for example, to a mountain zone. So, we decided to choose an urban destination, where it doesn’t matter if it rains or if the weather is capricious. We went to Slatina, Olt’s county capital city.

Maybe you are asking yourself what we are going to visit in a place like this, apparently uninteresting. Find out that in this city it is the oldest confectionary from country, owned by an Albanian family stabilized in Romania for 300 years. It said that they have been making to more tasty ice-cream in our country and we went to check out 😀

Following the Romanian saying “who wake up early in the morning arrives far”, we get up around half past six and at 7:55 we had the personal train that left us in Piteşti. As usually we arrived lately at Basarab station this time, but as we are lucky, we catch the train. The ticket’s price was 12 lei. We arrived in Piteşti after two hours. Here we changed the train. After we bought tickets (from Piteşti to Slatina 10 lei at personal train), we went in the back of the station to have a tea because it was pretty cold. At 11:20 we were in the second train running. After other two hours we were there.

Firstly we decided about the train that would get us back to Bucharest. We bought tickets; this time for the whole distance, in this way was cheaper: 20 lei from Slatina to Bucharest. After solving the return’s details we went to the center part of the city trying to find the famous confectionary. It took us some time to found it, but asking some inhabitants we arrived. There is an old small building having inside some fridges to keep the sweets. At the beginning we bought only bragă (boza) and Romanian halviţă (halva) that were really tasty.

We wanted to try all house’s specialties, so we bought citronade and ice-cream too. In deed the ice-cream was really delicious… The building’s walls was covered with pieces from the newspaper about the confectionary, photos with famous people that visited the place, images with cakes, visitor’s impressions. After finishing eating and drinking we started to visit the old center. Walking down the streets we fortuitously arrived to the regional history museum. Unfortunately we hadn’t enough time to see all the collections because the time runs and we needed to hurry up to the station to catch the train. (At 16:45)

On the road we slept being tired and didn’t have the enthusiasm that we had in the morning. We arrived in Piteşti (18.50), we changed the train and at 21:50 we were back.

Inside the train P9023 from Bucureşti to Piteşti (Romanian car made by Astra)

Inside train P9015 (second floor) from Piteşti to Slatina. Romanian car made by Astra in Arad

The train P9015 in Slatina Railway Station

Railway Station

Slatina, my love 😛

Old t-shirts :)))))

Forbiden for big trucks and carts 😀

Watermill

Small waterfall

A.I.Cuza Boulevard near the Railway Station

OLTtv 🙂

Monument for the glory of soldiers from Slatina who fight in WWII between 1941 and 1945

Intersection on A.I.Cuza Boulevard

Reconditioned blocks

The Headquarter of the Prefecture Olt offices in administration of the County Council Olt

County Library "Ion Minulescu"

The Center

This park on the valley split New Town constructed by communists from the Old Town which is down, near Olt River

"Hope Fountain" in the Center

The old shopwindow from "Atletul Albanez"

The Albanian family Memish has been in Slatina for 300 years and they sell Ottoman products since more than 100 years in the city

Old and nice

Photos and articles from newspapers with famous people who ate and drank here

The price of ice-cream is 2, 3 and 4 LEI...

Cold Boza and Citronade with just 1 LEU per glass (0.23 EURO) 🙂

Bottles with Bragă (Boza, also Bosa) and Citronade. The price for one bottle of 2L was 8 LEI (almost 2 euro)

Dan Puric was one of the customers

The famous confectionery "La atletul albanez" (The Albanian Athlete)

Nice old street

Council of the Olt County

A little shop in left...

Renewed building

Street

Sad blue...

Lipscani Street 🙂

The majority of the buildings from the Old Town are historical monuments

The City Council wants to get funds to remake the Old Town

Street in the Old Town

In this block (before was house) was born Eugen Ionesco (November 26, 1909 – March 28, 1994) was a Romanian playwright and dramatist, and one of the foremost playwrights of the Theatre of the Absurd.

Eugen Ionesco Park is near to the Old Town (Eugen Ionescu in Romanian)

Love is with Us 🙂

Gusher fountain

The statue of Eugen Ionescu in the park with the same name

Administrative Palace of Olt County where is the County Museum

Schedule at County Museum

Măneciu (România)

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  • Country: România
  • County: Prahova
  • County status: Commune
  • Population: 11.450
  • Location: Teleajen Valley (50 km north of Ploieşti)
  • Altitude: 600-800 m (Depression)
  • Climate: Subalpine
  • Distance from Bucharest:  123 km (road) 110 km (railway)
  • Acces roads:
  1. DN1 Bucureşti – Ploieşti, DN1A Ploieşti – Cheia – Braşov
  2. DN1A Braşov – Cheia
  3. Railway: Bucureşti – Ploieşti, Ploieşti – Măneciu

Travel journal

What can cheer you up after a period full of exams and stress? Of course a little and welcome journey :). Obviously, it came the big question: „where?”. After we took into consideration many variants he had the answer: Maneciu, Prahova county. Then it was a day searching information about the place, maps, photos and so on.

The big day came. 🙂 Our train leaves at 7.01 from the North station, so we should woke up at almost six o’ clock to be on time. We were a little bit in late because of me 😀 (tehnical sleeping problems) 🙂  and we needed to change the plan and to take another train that leaves at half past seven. It was a very confortable accelerat train that in 45 minutes was in West Ploiesti station.

The full ticket price was 10 lei. In 10 minutes we must catch the other train from the station South Ploiesti. We took a taxi and with 5 lei, in 5 minutes, we were there. We bought tickets – 5.7 lei it was the full price – and in other two minutes we was in the personal train running to Maneciu. In almost 2 hours we entered the little station called „Maneciu Ungureni”.

After taking some photos at the station we went inside the township. We stopped in the back of the station to have a fresh beer at the comunal inn: a simple place, with simple people, with a great cheap beer called „Ciucas”, only 2 lei. The beer was finished, the „one-piece” cigarette was smoked and we took the road to the dam. We ask some people how to arrive, they was kind and explained us with details the way that we should follow.

In almost 30 minutes we were riding the dam, having in the right part a beautiful landscape with the lake sourounded by the mountains. We had a walk around the lake on mountain roads, taking photos and enjoying that fresh air and wonderful outlook. It was a trailer near the lake arranged as a small house, it must be quite nice to life in a place like that.

We were staying on the bank of the lake dreaming how beautiful would be to move there after years. But the time flies fastly and when we consulted the clock it was around 15.30. In almost an hour we had the train to Ploiesti. Walking to the station we asked people about a place to stay during the night, because we want to go back to stay some days to explore better the zone.

Again in the train. Half of time we slept. We arrived in South Ploiesti and find a train to went back to Bucharest cheaper then it was in the morning, a personal train with 5.7 lei ticket. After one hour and a half we was back in the capital taking the subway. The single thing we wanted was a warm bed. 🙂


National flag on Teleajen Valley

Inside the old Personal (P) train from Ploieşti to Mâneciu - second class

Vălenii de Munte railway station

Viaduct on Teleajen Valley

Măneciu railway station (end of the railway-km 51 from Ploieşti)

The timetable panel in Măneciu

Old well

Near the railway station

The center

Nice apartment house in the center (Down it is the Post Office)

Traditional house

Other nice house (down there is a supermarket)

Town Hall

On the way to Mâneciu Dam

Other nice house

Old traditional house

Old boyar manor

Lions

Well

House

Belfry

Orthodox Church (1859)

Flags

Teleajen River (downstream - exit from the dam)

Photo from up

Photo from up (Downstream - Teleajen Valley)

Swimmer

The lake

Protection zone (Forbiden to swimm, to navigate on the lake, to feed animals and to throw any garbage there)

Forest

Road marker

Accumulation lake (Volume: 60,00 km3 - Surface: 1,92 km2 - Lenght: 4,00 km - Area of catchment: 247,00 km2)

Here you can catch some good trouts 🙂

Road

Barbed wire

Down the road

Private area

Vegetation

Firewood

Sweet Violet

House

Type: Earth dam - Lenght of dam: 750 m - Height of dam: 75 m - Foundation: Rock - Type of watertight: Core

Rocks and vegetation

The exit of the Teleajen River from the dam

Traffic light in the center of Măneciu

In train, second class (return)

Full ticket price at Personal train (P), second class is 5.7 Romanian LEI - 1.34 EURO. Duration: almost 2 hours

Tree of life

Between forest and the lake

Mogoșoaia (România)

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Mogoşoaia is a commune in the west of Ilfov County, Romania, composed of a single village, Mogoşoaia.

Population (2002)[1] 5,232

Mogoşoaia Palace is situated about 10 kilometres from Bucharest, Romania. It was built between 1698-1702 by Constantin Brâncoveanu in what is called the Romanian Renaissance style or Brâncovenesc style, a combination of Venetian and Ottoman elements. The palace bears the name of the widow of the Romanian boyar Mogoş, who owned the land it was built on. The Palace was to a large extent rebuilt in the 1920s by Marthe Bibesco.

The Palace had been given to Marthe by her husband, George Bibesco, who later also deeded the land to her. She spent all her wealth from the many books she wrote in its reconstruction and it became the meeting place for politicians and international high society, a quiet retreat during the growing turmoil of the 1930s. Prince George died in 1941 and was buried in the small, white 1688 church on the grounds of the Palace.

The Palace is now a popular tourist destination, but although the grounds and gardens are beautiful, the interior of the palace itself is under reconstruction and presently houses a museum and art gallery. (Muzeul de Artă Brâncovenească)

During the second world war, Prince Antoine Bibesco (a cousin of George Bibesco) and his wife Elizabeth Bibesco, refused to flee the country despite their outspoken anti-fascist opinions. Elizabeth spent considerable time during these years visiting Marthe Bibesco at Mogosoaia and when Elizabeth died of pneumonia on April 7, 1945 she was buried in the Bibesco family vault on the grounds of Mogoşoaia. It may surprise visitors to see her grave here with its poignant epitaph in English – „My soul has gained the freedom of the night.” Neither Elizabeth Bibesco’s husband, Antoine, nor George Bibesco’s wife, Marthe, could be buried beside them, as they both died during the Communist regime.

In 2008 the Romanian gothic rock band Inopia produced a video of their song „Epitaph”, filmed entirely at Mogosoaia. The long medievalist composition is based on Elizabeth Bibesco’s epitaph.

In 2010 the Balkan Go Championship took place at Mogosoaia, being broadcasted by EuroGoTV to hundreds of fans watching the stream and following the games on the KGS Go Server.

Source: Wikipedia

Travel journal

It was this type of spontan short trip. 🙂 We were planning to go home and we arrived at  almost 10 km of Bucharest. We went at the north station and firstlly I said to take any train in any direction, but after „family council” 🙂 we stand the verdict: destination Mogosoaia. The train ticket was pretty cheap, around 1.5 lei, 14 kilometres, time: almost half an our.

With smiles on our faces we went in the train. It was an old dirty personal train, we were hanged on the window making photos and films. It came the porter, a strange man that was kidding with everyone, I thought he was drunk :D. He told us that it’s not so easy to arrive by train at Brancoveanu’s castle, because it’s pretty far. And now the adventure it’s starting 🙂

At last we saw the writing on the table : MOGOSOAIA. It was almost free field beside the train station. We asked about the castle and we found out that we have to go by foot something like two kilometres. It was a dusted country road and, as a bonus, a hot autumn day. It was a little bit difficil to arrive because we didn’t know exactly the road and nobody was there. We found a house with a man that was drinking at the enter 🙂 He and his wife told us how to arrive and we recharged our water reserve. 🙂 After almost an hour of walk and ask people about the road, we finally arrived, of course being exhausted.

We enter the park, we passed after the fortificated walls, and here we are, in the front of the castle. It wasn’t as I was expecting… It’s a small and coquettish building with 18th century perfume :). The complex includes also a church and Martha Bibescu’s hot houses plus other buildings for guest.

After we explored carefully every corner, after we made a hundred photos, we went back searching a easier way to Bucharest. This time we choose a mini-bus. It was full of all types of people, but we had the big advantage to arrive fast, without dusted roads, hot sun and foot-walk. It was more expensive then the train was, we paid for one ticket 3.5 lei. It doesn’t matter, it matter that we were back exhausted and everything we wanted was a good sleep 🙂

You can find this building outside the Palace, just near to the entrance

The guide panel with the complex

The main alley

A small part from the garden yard in the front of the watch-tower

An old icon on the entrance wall of the St.George's Church

The painting from the upper part of the front verandah

Saint George depicted as the patron of the church

The main entrance through the watch-tower (Gate House)

The watch-tower, raised before 1702, when the palace was finish. The watch-tower was restored in 1930 and in 1980

Saint George Church, erected by Constantine Brâncoveanu in 1688 which was decorated with frescoes in 1705

Inscription

Cross with two-headed eagle symbol of the Cantacuzinos

The outside garden

The wall and the Brancovan kitchen (cuhnia)

The lake behind Palace

The Room of the Princely Council

The Conference Center (a former d'Elchingen villa) - (17th century, rebuilt 1927 - 1936), it currently hosts 2 conference rooms (having a capacity of 50 places, respectively 75 places) a restaurant - 120 places and 16 residence rooms - 25 places.

Cuhnia and the Gate House from the watch-tower

In the watch-tower

Watch-tower from The Court of Honor

The Conference Center again

Cuhnia - the former princely kitchen is now a place for exhibitions. It was built between 1681 and 1702. Its ventilation furnaces were restored in 1965

The N. Bibescu Hot Houses - a French studio - 1890. Currently, they are used for growing flowers and as an art studio for children. Restored in 2002

A Toyota jeep near the The Conference Center 🙂

The Palace - finished in September 1702 by Constantin Brancoveanu for his second son, Ştefan. Currently, the Palace is the host of the Aula Tradition Museum (Founded in 2000), namely the donation made by Liana and Dan Nasta, a compared art collection comprising approximately 300 items, its ground floor rooms and the annexes thus hosting annually approximately 10 temporary, thematic or contemporary art exhibitions.

The Stairs of Honour inside of Palace. The space is dedicated to Voivode Constantin Basarab Brancoveanu /Constantin Bessarab the Brancovan/ (1688-1714), the author of a synthesis, in a Romanian tradition spirit, of Eastern andWestern origin elements. The ruler is depicted in Varini Favorini's engraving, as Prince of the Holy (Western) Roman Empire and of theWallachians, and in that of Pietro Uberti's, made after the voivode and his four sons had been beheaded in Constantinople. The coats of arms of both the Basarabs /Bessarabs/ and Cantacuzinos /Cantacuzenes/, the Persian "shah-in-shah" carpet, decorated with royal symbols, complete the display.

The Room of Kilims. The kilims are hand-woven textiles used as wall hangings and floor or furniture coverings. These flat weaves are made in a very similar technique as the West-European tapestries - that is why they have often adorned Romanian Lands' palaces and manors. As for the kilims decorating small-town and country houses, they are woven by hostesses themselves. Martha Bibescu ordered that the two-room apartment having once belonged to Constantin Brancoveanu's wife be changed into what she called "The Throne Hall." It is here that the Wallachian (Oltenian included) and Moldavian kilims are displayed, each geographic area preserving its design and composition originality. Romanian kilims use for wool colouring vegetal dyes.

The main lobby from which you can exit in the balcony from the lake

The Room of the Princely Chancellery. This place, dedicated to inner and foreign affairs, to recording and keeping important documents, statal transactions and concluded treaties, a seat for envoys and interpreters, houses maps, official papers (deeds) and chancellery insignia. The two gospels, the tryodion and the coats of arms with Christian symbols are placed in the vicinity of engravings showing the main actors of the Ottoman Porte at the beginning of the 18th century. A velvet table covering embroidered with voivode's monogram in Cyrillic letters and, on the right wall, the portrait of Constantin Brancoveanu's family, Nora Steriadi's textile version made after the votive picture at Hurezi Monastery, try to render the atmosphere. In Martha Bibescu's time, this ceremonial space was used as concert hall and housed formal parties and fastuous balls.

The entrance into The Room of the Princely Chancellery

The inside stairs

Voivode's throne is replaced by an 1860 princely armchair taken from the church of Potlogi. Del Chiaro speaks about the three steps of the throne in his History of Wallachia. The back of the armchair, which is gilt-thread embroidered, shows the princely eagle framed by two laurel branches. Chair sovereignty is underlined by the scarlet hangings bearing country's Arms in a golded border.

Bucharest (România)

Bucharest (Romanian: București) is the capital, industrial, cultural, and financial centre of Romania. It is the largest city in Romania, located in the southeast of the country, and lies on the banks of the Dâmboviţa River.

Bucharest was first mentioned in documents as early as 1459. Since then it has gone through a variety of changes, becoming the state capital of Romania in 1862 and steadily consolidating its position as the centre of the Romanian mass media, culture and arts. Its eclectic architecture is a mix of historical (neo-classical), interbellum (Bauhaus and Art Deco), Communist-era and modern. In the period between the two World Wars, the city’s elegant architecture and the sophistication of its elite earned Bucharest the nickname of the „Little Paris of the East” (Micul Paris). Although many buildings and districts in the historic centre were damaged or destroyed by war, earthquakes and Nicolae Ceaușescu‘s program of systematization, many survived. In recent years, the city has been experiencing an economic and cultural boom.

According to January 1, 2009 official estimates, Bucharest proper has a population of 1,944,367. The urban area extends beyond the limits of Bucharest proper and has a population of 2 million people. Adding the satellite towns around the urban area, the metropolitan area of Bucharest has a population of 2.15 million people. According to unofficial data, the population is more than 3 million. Bucharest is the 6th largest city in the European Union by population within city limits.

Economically, Bucharest is the most prosperous city in Romania and is one of the main industrial centres and transportation hubs of Eastern Europe. The city has a broad range of convention facilities, educational facilities, cultural venues, shopping arcades and recreational areas.

The city proper is administratively known as the Municipality of Bucharest (Municipiul București), and has the same administrative level as a county, being further subdivided into six sectors.

Source: Wikipedia

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Ungheni (Moldova)

Ungheni (population: 35,157) is the seventh largest city in Moldova and, since 2003, the seat of Ungheni District.

There is a bridge across the Prut and a border checkpoint to Romania. There is another border town with the same name in Romania (Ungheni, Iaşi), on the other side of the Prut River.

1,520 mm (4 ft 11 5⁄6 in) Russian gauge – CIS states (including Russia), Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia (approx. 17% of the world’s railways)

1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) Standard gauge – Europe, Argentina, United States, Canada, China, Korea, Australia, Middle East, North Africa, Mexico, Cuba, Panama, Venezuela, Peru, Uruguay and Philippines. Also high-speed lines in Japan and Spain. (approx. 60% of the world’s railways).

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Chişinău Zoo

Târgovişte (România)

CLick on the map for bigger size

Click on the photo for bigger size

Târgovişte (old spelling: Tîrgovişte) is a city in the Dâmboviţa county of Romania. It is situated on the right bank of the Ialomiţa River[update]. As of 2003, it had an estimated population of 89,000. One village, Priseaca, is administered by the city.

Târgovişte is a name derived from Slavic, its original meaning being of marketplace, cf. Serbian Трговиште and Bulgarian Търговище, being derived from the slavic word trъgъ, which means market.

First attested in 1396, in the Travel Accounts of Johannes Schiltberger, it became the capital of the Wallachian voivodship, probably during the reign of Mircea cel Bătrân, when the Royal Court („Curtea Domnească”) was built. Vlad III Dracula later added the Chindia Tower, now a symbol of the city.

In 1597 the Hajduks of Mihai Viteazul and Starina Novak fought and won a decisive battle against the Ottoman Empire in Târgovişte.

After Constantin Brâncoveanu moved the capital to Bucharest, Târgovişte lost its importance, decaying economically as its population decreased.

Târgovişte was the site of the trial and execution of Nicolae Ceauşescu and his wife Elena in December 1989. Interestingly, there are towns with the same name (albeit with different spellings as they are written in our days in the Cyrillic alphabet) in both Bulgaria and Serbia.

The Romanian and Bulgarian towns are twinned. The name is of Slavic origin, from the root -trg- or -tǎrg- („trade”) and the placename suffix -ište, and means „marketplace”.

Source: Wikipedia

A short history of Chindia Tower

A short history of the Chindia Tower

Vlad III the Impaler (Vlad Ţepeş)

Vlad III the Impaler (Vlad Ţepeş)

The coil-staircase inside of the Chindia Tower

The coil-staircase inside of the Chindia Tower

Woodblock print of Vlad the Impaler dining in the presence of numerous impaled corpses

Woodblock print of Vlad the Impaler dining in the presence of numerous impaled corpses

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A view from the up (down are the ruins of Royal Court)

Picture 022

Royal Court ("Curtea Domnească") was built in the time of Mircea the Elder (cel Bătrân; 1355 – 1418)

Picture 023

The church inside of Royal Court

Picture 024

Other view from up

Picture 029

The base of Chindia Tower

Picture 031

Walls in the Royal Court

Picture 033

Footbridge for tourists

Picture 034

The Chindia Tower was built by Vlad III Dracula, in 15th century

Picture 035

The main corridor inside of Royal Court

Picture 039

Other corridor

Picture 046

Other chamber

Picture 049

Other photo with the church inside of Royal Court, which is in reconstruction, together with Royal Court

Picture 054

The Stelea Church-Targoviste, it was built in 1645 by the Moldavian ruler, Vasile Lupu, on the place of an old monastery belonging to Stelea Spataru. It was erected as a sign of friendship to Matei Basarab that's why it was named the Church of Reconciliation

Consiliul Judeţean Dâmboviţa (Dambovita County Council)

Consiliul Judeţean Dâmboviţa (Dâmboviţa County Council)

Picture 064

The center of the city

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Hotel Valahia

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Muntenia Shopping Center

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Other photo from the center (it was a raining day :()

Picture 078

Kaufland supermarket in Târgovişte

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The Metropolitan Church-Targoviste, it was built in the 19th century on the place of an old church belonging to Neagoe Basarab, ruler who moved here the Metropolitan Seat from Curtea de Arges

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Statue of Michael the Brave "Mihai Viteazul" (Reign: 11 October 1593 – 9 August 1601)

Picture 086

The Dealu Monastery-it was built by Radu the Great between 1495-1508, the monastery represents one of the most valuable monuments of Medieval architecture in Wallachia. In the monastery is the head of Michael the Brave

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Near to Stelea monastery are houses for nuns

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Here is buried the head of Michael the Brave, which was taken by Radu Buzescu and put here

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The church of the monastery is dedicated to Saint Nicholas

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The belfry from Stelea

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Old center of Târgovişte

Picture 114

Biserica Târgului "Fair church" (1653)

Picture 123

Town Hall of Târgovişte

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Tony Bulandra theatre

Sighişoara (România)

Click on the map for more details

Click on the map for more details

Sighişoara (German: Schäßburg; Hungarian: Segesvár; Latin: Castrum Sex) is a city and municipality on the Târnava Mare River in Mureş County, Romania.

Located in the historic region Transylvania, Sighişoara has a population of 32,287 (2002).

Sights

Sighişoara is a popular tourist destination, due to its well-preserved walled old town. The landmark of the city is the Clock Tower, a 64m high tower built in 1556. It is today a museum of history.

Other interesting sights are:

  • Sighişoara Citadel – a 12th Century Saxon edifice, is the historic center of the city. Still occupied, the citadel is listed as a World Heritage Site.
  • Clock Tower – Built in 1360 and standing at 60 meters tall atop the citadel hill. Inside is a museum that finishes in a great view from the top.
  • Weapon Museum – next to Vlad’s birthplace. Very small, but it contains an interesting selection of medieval weapons (swords, arrows, etc.).
  • Covered Staircase – a very old stone staircase with a wooden roof along the whole span. This leads up to the Church on the Hill and the cemetery.
  • Church on the Hill – contains many frescoes and a crypt. Built on the location of the Roman fort. Close to the cemetery on the side of the hill, which contains many German tombstones.
  • Bust of Vlad Tepes – Located around the corner from his birthplace, within sight of the Clock Tower.

Famous residents

Source: Wikipedia

Orthodox church from the city

Orthodox church from the city

Clock Tower - Built in 1360 and standing at 60 meters tall atop the citadel hill. Inside is a museum that finishes in a great view from the top.

Clock Tower - Built in 1360 and standing at 60 meters tall atop the citadel hill. Inside is a museum that finishes in a great view from the top.

The museum

The museum

A photo from the tower

A photo from the tower

A view with the city

A view with the city

Other view with medieval houses

Other view with medieval houses

The hill inside the citadel

The hill inside the citadel

The best restaurant in the citadel (waiters were wearing medieval clothes)

The best restaurant in the citadel (waiters were wearing medieval clothes)

Church on the Hill - contains many frescoes and a crypt. Built on the location of the Roman fort. Close to the cemetery on the side of the hill, which contains many German tombstones.

Church on the Hill - contains many frescoes and a crypt. Built on the location of the Roman fort. Close to the cemetery on the side of the hill, which contains many German tombstones.

The panel at the entrance into the cemetery

The panel at the entrance into the cemetery

The cemetery

The cemetery

Some crypts

Some crypts

Covered Staircase - a very old stone staircase with a wooden roof along the whole span. This leads up to the Church on the Hill and the cemetery.

Covered Staircase - a very old stone staircase with a wooden roof along the whole span. This leads up to the Church on the Hill and the cemetery.

A good shop with folkloric souvenirs from Transylvania.

A good shop with folkloric souvenirs from Transylvania.

Oradea (România)

Click on the map for more details about the city

Click on the map for more details about the city

Oradea (Hungarian: Nagyvárad, colloquially also Várad, German: Grosswardein, former Turkish: Varat, Yiddish: גרויסווארדיין, Italian: Gran Varadino) is the capital city of Bihor County, in Crişana, Romania.

The city proper has a population of 206,614 as of the 2002[update] census; this does not include areas from the metropolitan area, outside the municipality; they bring the total urban area population to approximately 260,000.

Oradea is one of the most prosperous cities of Romania.

Geography

The city lies at the meeting point of the Crişana plain and the Crişul Repede‘s basin. It is situated 126 meters above sea-level, surrounded on the north-eastern part by the hills of Oradea belonging to the Ses hills.

The main part of the settlement is situated on the floodplain and on the terraces situated down the river Crişul Repede. Oradea is famous for its thermal springs. The river Crişul Repede crosses the city right in the centre, providing it with a picturesque beauty.

Its output depends on the season; the water containers (the dyke near Tileagd) have partly controlled it ever since they were built in the early 1980s.

Attractions

The beautiful city centre is worth visiting, as are the Băile Felix health spas, accessible by bus and located outside the city.

Other sites worth visiting are:

  • Baroque Palace of Oradea – today Muzeul Ṭării Criṣurilor, a wonderful Baroque museum with 365 famous windows. It was the Roman Catholic bishop’s palace until 1945, when the Communist regime took the building into public ownership. It was returned to the Roman Catholic Church in 2003. Its collection includes many fossils of dinosaurs and birds from the bauxite mines at Cornet-Brusturi.
  • Catedrala barocă – the biggest Baroque cathedral in Romania,
  • Cetatea Oradea – Oradea’s Fortress, with a pentagonal fort,
  • Biserica cu Lună – a church unique in Europe, with a type of astronomical clock depicting the phases of the moon,
  • Pasajul Vulturul Negru – the „Black Eagle” Passage,
  • Ady Endre Museum – a museum dedicated to one of the greatest Hungarian poets,
  • Teatrul de Stat – the State Theatre, plans for which were designed by two Austrian architects who had built around 100 theatres and opera houses in Europe by the end of the 19th century,
  • Str. Republicii – one of the most beautiful streets of Transylvania, displaying an incredible number of Art Nouveau buildings (under restoration in 2006),
  • There are around 100 religious sites of different denominations in Oradea, including three synagogues (however, only one is said to be still in use) and the biggest Baptist church in Eastern Europe.

Source: Wikipedia

At the end of the tram line (last station)

At the end of the tram line (last station)

From the tram...

From the tram...

The panel from the entrance into the "Cetatea Oradea" - Oradea's Fortress (XI century)

The panel from the entrance into the "Cetatea Oradea" - Oradea's Fortress (XI century)

Roman Catholic Church inside of fortress

Roman Catholic Church inside of fortress

Inside of the fortress

Inside of the fortress

Sculpture in the garden

Sculpture in the garden

Near to the entrance (inside)

Near to the entrance (inside)

One of the gate

One of the gate

The tunnels...

The tunnels...

Fleuron from the old gothic cathedral

Fleuron from the old gothic cathedral

Military barracks build for Austrian army in 18 century

Military barracks build for Austrian army in XVIII century

The walls

The walls

Communist blocks

Communist blocks

The bridge over the Crişul Repede River

The bridge over the Crişul Repede River

Crişul Repede River

Crişul Repede River

The same...

Together with the rivers Crişul Alb (White Criş) and Crişul Negru (Black Criş), it makes up the Three Criş rivers ("Cele Trei Crişuri")

At the entrance into the Pasajul Vulturul Negru – the "Black Eagle" Passage

At the entrance into the Pasajul Vulturul Negru – the "Black Eagle" Passage

Inside of Black Eagle Passage

Inside of Black Eagle Passage

Pasajul Vulturul Negru (Black Eagle Passage) was build between 1907-1908 together with the Palace with the same name

Pasajul Vulturul Negru (Black Eagle Passage) was build between 1907-1908 together with the Palace with the same name

The statue of Mihai Viteazul (Michael the brave) in the center

The statue of Mihai Viteazul (Michael the brave) in the center

The palace Vulturul Negru (Black Eagle)

The palace Vulturul Negru (Black Eagle)

St. Ladislaus church (Catholic)

St. Ladislaus church (Catholic)

The altar

The altar

Inside the church...

Inside the church...

Virgin Mary statue

Virgin Mary statue

Near to the church, outside (the center and Michael statue is in left)

Near to the church, outside (the center and Michael statue is in left)

The Central Railway Station (Gara Centrală din Oradea )

The Central Railway Station (Gara Centrală din Oradea )