Buzău (România)

The city of Buzău is the county seat of Buzău CountyRomania, in the historical region of Wallachia. It lies near the right bank of the Buzău River, between the south-eastern curvature of the Carpathian Mountains and the lowlands ofBărăgan Plain.

The city’s name dates back to 376 AD when the name appeared on a letter that spoke about the martyrdom of Sabbas the Goth. During the Middle Ages, Buzău was as an important Wallachian market town and Eastern Orthodox episcopal see. It faced a period of repeated destruction during the 17th and 18th century, nowadays symbolized on the city seal by the Phoenix bird. Those destructions are the main reason for which no building older than the 18th century exists in the city. After that, Buzău slowly recovered to become nowadays an important modern city in south-eastern Romania.

The city’s landmark building is the Communal Palace, located in the central Dacia Square. The Nicolae Bălcescu Boulevard links it to the Crâng park, Buzău’s main recreational area.

Buzău is a railway hub in south-estern Romania, where railways that link Bucharest to Moldavia and Transylvania to the Black Sea coast meet. DN2, a segment of European route E85 crosses the city. Buzău’s proximity to trade routes helped it develop its role as a commerce hub in older days, and as an industrial center during the 20th century. Most of the city’s industry was developed during Romania’s communist period, and was refactored through the 1990s to a capitalist economical framework.

The city’s most important landmark is the Communal Palace, built between 1899 and 1903, now serving as City Hall. Along with the Courthouse, the Communal Palace was designed by architects commissioned by mayor Nicu Constantinescu, at the end of the 19th century.

From the Communal Palace, Cuza Vodă Street leads to the Bazaar. The Cuza Vodă Street features late 19th century buildings

Crâng Park, carved in the corner of a larger forest, lies in the western outskirts of the town and is a remnant of the old Codrii VlăsieiCrâng was designed in the late 19th century. It has an obelisk, erected in 1976 to celebrate 1600 years since the town’s first recorded historical attestation.

The oldest building in Buzău is the Vergu-Mănăilă house, erected in the 17th or 18th century as a boyarsmansion. Renovated between 1971–1974, it now hosts the local Museum of ethnography and folk art.

The church of Banului, erected in the 16th century as a monastery, underwent renovation several times. In 1884, it was repainted by a team of painters including Gheorghe Tattarescu and his uncle Nicolae Teodorescu.

An old tradition of the city is the Drăgaica fair, a midsummer fair traced back to traditional shepherd’s fairs in the Buzău mountains, that moved to Buzău sometimes before the 18th century.

Source: Wikipedia

Belgrade (Serbia)

Belgrade (Serbian: Београд, Beograd) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. The city lies on two international waterways, at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, where Central Europe’s Pannonian Plain meets the South European Balkans.

Likewise, the city is placed along the pan-European corridors X and VII. With a population of 1,630,000 (official estimate 2007), Belgrade is the fourth largest city in Southeastern Europe, after Istanbul, Athens and Bucharest. Its name in Serbian translates to White city.

One of the oldest cities in Europe, with archeological finds tracing settlements as early as the 6th millennium BC, Belgrade’s wider city area was the birthplace of the largest prehistoric culture of Europe, the Vinča culture.

It was first inhabited by the Thracio-Dacian tribe of Singi who would give the name to the city after a fortress was founded in 3rd century BC by the Celts who named it Singidun (dun, fortress).

It was awarded city rights by the Romans before it was permanently settled by White Serbs from the 7th century onwards. As a strategic location, the city was battled over in 115 wars and razed to the ground 44 times since the ancient period by countless armies of the East and West.

In medieval times, it was in the possession of Byzantine, Frankish, Bulgarian, Hungarian and Serbian rulers. In 1521 Belgrade was conquered by the Ottomans and became the seat of the Pashaluk of Belgrade, as the principal city of Ottoman Europe and among the largest European cities. Frequently passing from Ottoman to Austrian rule which saw destruction of most of the city, the status of Serbian capital would be regained only in 1841, after the Serbian revolution.

Northern Belgrade, though, remained an Austrian outpost until the breakup of Austria-Hungary in 1918. The united city then became the capital of several incarnations of Yugoslavia, up to 2006, when Serbia became an independent state again.

Belgrade has the status of a separate territorial unit in Serbia, with its own autonomous city government. Its territory is divided into 17 municipalities, each having its own local council. It covers 3.6% of the territory of Serbia, and 24% of the country’s population lives in the city. Belgrade is the central economic hub of Serbia, and the capital of Serbian culture, education and science.

Source: Wikipedia

Inside of the international train from Bucharest to Belgrade (second class). The two-way ticket was 50 euro-226 Lei at second class)

The railway station of Vrsac

The New Belgrade railway and Beovoz station

Beovoz train at Novi Beograd "New Belgrade"

Serbian Railways (Железнице Србије/Železnice Srbije). The locomotive is made in Romania, at Craiova

The info panel from the international train

The railway station in Belgrade, from inside

The same station from outside

The tram no 12, near to the railway station

Saint Sava hospital

A building which was bombarded by NATO in 1999

The same building

A public phone which is very rare used 🙂

Car plate from Belgrade

Palata Beograd (Belgrade Palace)

Parking

Police car (Policija)

Serbian cats near to Belgrade Hostel 🙂

On Kralja Milana, near to Terazije Square. The tall building is Albania Palace

Ascension Church from Admirala Geprata 19, which was build in 1863

Brodsko Torpedo TG-53, near to Military Museum, in Kalemegdan Park

Anti-aircraft gun M 1935 Breda 20 mm

German mine

Other german mine

 The confluence between Sava and Danube rivers

The confluence between Sava and Danube rivers

The walls of Kalemegdan fortress

Clock gate with Clock tower

Ružica Church in Kalemegdan fortress

The confluence between Sava and Danube rivers

Are you prepared for attack ?:P

The medieval tower from the time of Stefan Lazarevic (1389-1427)

Humvee vehicle at the entrance into the Military Museum

The entrance into the Military Museum

Medieval demonstration of throwing axes and using arrow

Tram no 9, near to Hostel City Center

Tram no 9, near to Hostel City Center

The statue of Prince Michael "Mihailo" from Republic Square (Трг Републике)

Mihailo Obrenović III, (Михаило Обреновић) Prince of Serbia which has two reigns: 1839-1942 and 1860-1868

Russian Tsar "Ruski car" fast-food

A guide panel from center (you can see the english version)

Hotel Moscow from Terazije Square

Old center

The Spanish Institute "Miguel Cervantes"

Tram no 9, near to Hostel City Center

A nice shop with souvenirs, near to the railway station