Mogoșoaia (România)

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Mogoşoaia is a commune in the west of Ilfov County, Romania, composed of a single village, Mogoşoaia.

Population (2002)[1] 5,232

Mogoşoaia Palace is situated about 10 kilometres from Bucharest, Romania. It was built between 1698-1702 by Constantin Brâncoveanu in what is called the Romanian Renaissance style or Brâncovenesc style, a combination of Venetian and Ottoman elements. The palace bears the name of the widow of the Romanian boyar Mogoş, who owned the land it was built on. The Palace was to a large extent rebuilt in the 1920s by Marthe Bibesco.

The Palace had been given to Marthe by her husband, George Bibesco, who later also deeded the land to her. She spent all her wealth from the many books she wrote in its reconstruction and it became the meeting place for politicians and international high society, a quiet retreat during the growing turmoil of the 1930s. Prince George died in 1941 and was buried in the small, white 1688 church on the grounds of the Palace.

The Palace is now a popular tourist destination, but although the grounds and gardens are beautiful, the interior of the palace itself is under reconstruction and presently houses a museum and art gallery. (Muzeul de Artă Brâncovenească)

During the second world war, Prince Antoine Bibesco (a cousin of George Bibesco) and his wife Elizabeth Bibesco, refused to flee the country despite their outspoken anti-fascist opinions. Elizabeth spent considerable time during these years visiting Marthe Bibesco at Mogosoaia and when Elizabeth died of pneumonia on April 7, 1945 she was buried in the Bibesco family vault on the grounds of Mogoşoaia. It may surprise visitors to see her grave here with its poignant epitaph in English – „My soul has gained the freedom of the night.” Neither Elizabeth Bibesco’s husband, Antoine, nor George Bibesco’s wife, Marthe, could be buried beside them, as they both died during the Communist regime.

In 2008 the Romanian gothic rock band Inopia produced a video of their song „Epitaph”, filmed entirely at Mogosoaia. The long medievalist composition is based on Elizabeth Bibesco’s epitaph.

In 2010 the Balkan Go Championship took place at Mogosoaia, being broadcasted by EuroGoTV to hundreds of fans watching the stream and following the games on the KGS Go Server.

Source: Wikipedia

Travel journal

It was this type of spontan short trip. 🙂 We were planning to go home and we arrived at  almost 10 km of Bucharest. We went at the north station and firstlly I said to take any train in any direction, but after „family council” 🙂 we stand the verdict: destination Mogosoaia. The train ticket was pretty cheap, around 1.5 lei, 14 kilometres, time: almost half an our.

With smiles on our faces we went in the train. It was an old dirty personal train, we were hanged on the window making photos and films. It came the porter, a strange man that was kidding with everyone, I thought he was drunk :D. He told us that it’s not so easy to arrive by train at Brancoveanu’s castle, because it’s pretty far. And now the adventure it’s starting 🙂

At last we saw the writing on the table : MOGOSOAIA. It was almost free field beside the train station. We asked about the castle and we found out that we have to go by foot something like two kilometres. It was a dusted country road and, as a bonus, a hot autumn day. It was a little bit difficil to arrive because we didn’t know exactly the road and nobody was there. We found a house with a man that was drinking at the enter 🙂 He and his wife told us how to arrive and we recharged our water reserve. 🙂 After almost an hour of walk and ask people about the road, we finally arrived, of course being exhausted.

We enter the park, we passed after the fortificated walls, and here we are, in the front of the castle. It wasn’t as I was expecting… It’s a small and coquettish building with 18th century perfume :). The complex includes also a church and Martha Bibescu’s hot houses plus other buildings for guest.

After we explored carefully every corner, after we made a hundred photos, we went back searching a easier way to Bucharest. This time we choose a mini-bus. It was full of all types of people, but we had the big advantage to arrive fast, without dusted roads, hot sun and foot-walk. It was more expensive then the train was, we paid for one ticket 3.5 lei. It doesn’t matter, it matter that we were back exhausted and everything we wanted was a good sleep 🙂

You can find this building outside the Palace, just near to the entrance

The guide panel with the complex

The main alley

A small part from the garden yard in the front of the watch-tower

An old icon on the entrance wall of the St.George's Church

The painting from the upper part of the front verandah

Saint George depicted as the patron of the church

The main entrance through the watch-tower (Gate House)

The watch-tower, raised before 1702, when the palace was finish. The watch-tower was restored in 1930 and in 1980

Saint George Church, erected by Constantine Brâncoveanu in 1688 which was decorated with frescoes in 1705

Inscription

Cross with two-headed eagle symbol of the Cantacuzinos

The outside garden

The wall and the Brancovan kitchen (cuhnia)

The lake behind Palace

The Room of the Princely Council

The Conference Center (a former d'Elchingen villa) - (17th century, rebuilt 1927 - 1936), it currently hosts 2 conference rooms (having a capacity of 50 places, respectively 75 places) a restaurant - 120 places and 16 residence rooms - 25 places.

Cuhnia and the Gate House from the watch-tower

In the watch-tower

Watch-tower from The Court of Honor

The Conference Center again

Cuhnia - the former princely kitchen is now a place for exhibitions. It was built between 1681 and 1702. Its ventilation furnaces were restored in 1965

The N. Bibescu Hot Houses - a French studio - 1890. Currently, they are used for growing flowers and as an art studio for children. Restored in 2002

A Toyota jeep near the The Conference Center 🙂

The Palace - finished in September 1702 by Constantin Brancoveanu for his second son, Ştefan. Currently, the Palace is the host of the Aula Tradition Museum (Founded in 2000), namely the donation made by Liana and Dan Nasta, a compared art collection comprising approximately 300 items, its ground floor rooms and the annexes thus hosting annually approximately 10 temporary, thematic or contemporary art exhibitions.

The Stairs of Honour inside of Palace. The space is dedicated to Voivode Constantin Basarab Brancoveanu /Constantin Bessarab the Brancovan/ (1688-1714), the author of a synthesis, in a Romanian tradition spirit, of Eastern andWestern origin elements. The ruler is depicted in Varini Favorini's engraving, as Prince of the Holy (Western) Roman Empire and of theWallachians, and in that of Pietro Uberti's, made after the voivode and his four sons had been beheaded in Constantinople. The coats of arms of both the Basarabs /Bessarabs/ and Cantacuzinos /Cantacuzenes/, the Persian "shah-in-shah" carpet, decorated with royal symbols, complete the display.

The Room of Kilims. The kilims are hand-woven textiles used as wall hangings and floor or furniture coverings. These flat weaves are made in a very similar technique as the West-European tapestries - that is why they have often adorned Romanian Lands' palaces and manors. As for the kilims decorating small-town and country houses, they are woven by hostesses themselves. Martha Bibescu ordered that the two-room apartment having once belonged to Constantin Brancoveanu's wife be changed into what she called "The Throne Hall." It is here that the Wallachian (Oltenian included) and Moldavian kilims are displayed, each geographic area preserving its design and composition originality. Romanian kilims use for wool colouring vegetal dyes.

The main lobby from which you can exit in the balcony from the lake

The Room of the Princely Chancellery. This place, dedicated to inner and foreign affairs, to recording and keeping important documents, statal transactions and concluded treaties, a seat for envoys and interpreters, houses maps, official papers (deeds) and chancellery insignia. The two gospels, the tryodion and the coats of arms with Christian symbols are placed in the vicinity of engravings showing the main actors of the Ottoman Porte at the beginning of the 18th century. A velvet table covering embroidered with voivode's monogram in Cyrillic letters and, on the right wall, the portrait of Constantin Brancoveanu's family, Nora Steriadi's textile version made after the votive picture at Hurezi Monastery, try to render the atmosphere. In Martha Bibescu's time, this ceremonial space was used as concert hall and housed formal parties and fastuous balls.

The entrance into The Room of the Princely Chancellery

The inside stairs

Voivode's throne is replaced by an 1860 princely armchair taken from the church of Potlogi. Del Chiaro speaks about the three steps of the throne in his History of Wallachia. The back of the armchair, which is gilt-thread embroidered, shows the princely eagle framed by two laurel branches. Chair sovereignty is underlined by the scarlet hangings bearing country's Arms in a golded border.

Târgovişte (România)

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Click on the photo for bigger size

Târgovişte (old spelling: Tîrgovişte) is a city in the Dâmboviţa county of Romania. It is situated on the right bank of the Ialomiţa River[update]. As of 2003, it had an estimated population of 89,000. One village, Priseaca, is administered by the city.

Târgovişte is a name derived from Slavic, its original meaning being of marketplace, cf. Serbian Трговиште and Bulgarian Търговище, being derived from the slavic word trъgъ, which means market.

First attested in 1396, in the Travel Accounts of Johannes Schiltberger, it became the capital of the Wallachian voivodship, probably during the reign of Mircea cel Bătrân, when the Royal Court („Curtea Domnească”) was built. Vlad III Dracula later added the Chindia Tower, now a symbol of the city.

In 1597 the Hajduks of Mihai Viteazul and Starina Novak fought and won a decisive battle against the Ottoman Empire in Târgovişte.

After Constantin Brâncoveanu moved the capital to Bucharest, Târgovişte lost its importance, decaying economically as its population decreased.

Târgovişte was the site of the trial and execution of Nicolae Ceauşescu and his wife Elena in December 1989. Interestingly, there are towns with the same name (albeit with different spellings as they are written in our days in the Cyrillic alphabet) in both Bulgaria and Serbia.

The Romanian and Bulgarian towns are twinned. The name is of Slavic origin, from the root -trg- or -tǎrg- („trade”) and the placename suffix -ište, and means „marketplace”.

Source: Wikipedia

A short history of Chindia Tower

A short history of the Chindia Tower

Vlad III the Impaler (Vlad Ţepeş)

Vlad III the Impaler (Vlad Ţepeş)

The coil-staircase inside of the Chindia Tower

The coil-staircase inside of the Chindia Tower

Woodblock print of Vlad the Impaler dining in the presence of numerous impaled corpses

Woodblock print of Vlad the Impaler dining in the presence of numerous impaled corpses

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A view from the up (down are the ruins of Royal Court)

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Royal Court ("Curtea Domnească") was built in the time of Mircea the Elder (cel Bătrân; 1355 – 1418)

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The church inside of Royal Court

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Other view from up

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The base of Chindia Tower

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Walls in the Royal Court

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Footbridge for tourists

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The Chindia Tower was built by Vlad III Dracula, in 15th century

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The main corridor inside of Royal Court

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Other corridor

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Other chamber

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Other photo with the church inside of Royal Court, which is in reconstruction, together with Royal Court

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The Stelea Church-Targoviste, it was built in 1645 by the Moldavian ruler, Vasile Lupu, on the place of an old monastery belonging to Stelea Spataru. It was erected as a sign of friendship to Matei Basarab that's why it was named the Church of Reconciliation

Consiliul Judeţean Dâmboviţa (Dambovita County Council)

Consiliul Judeţean Dâmboviţa (Dâmboviţa County Council)

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The center of the city

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Hotel Valahia

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Muntenia Shopping Center

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Other photo from the center (it was a raining day :()

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Kaufland supermarket in Târgovişte

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The Metropolitan Church-Targoviste, it was built in the 19th century on the place of an old church belonging to Neagoe Basarab, ruler who moved here the Metropolitan Seat from Curtea de Arges

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Statue of Michael the Brave "Mihai Viteazul" (Reign: 11 October 1593 – 9 August 1601)

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The Dealu Monastery-it was built by Radu the Great between 1495-1508, the monastery represents one of the most valuable monuments of Medieval architecture in Wallachia. In the monastery is the head of Michael the Brave

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Near to Stelea monastery are houses for nuns

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Here is buried the head of Michael the Brave, which was taken by Radu Buzescu and put here

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The church of the monastery is dedicated to Saint Nicholas

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The belfry from Stelea

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Old center of Târgovişte

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Biserica Târgului "Fair church" (1653)

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Town Hall of Târgovişte

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Tony Bulandra theatre

Buşteni (România)

The city is marked with green line, just between Ploieşti and Braşov

The city is marked with green line, just between Ploieşti and Braşov (click on the picture for bigger size)

Buşteni is a small mountain town in the north of the county Prahova, in the center of Romania. It is located in the Prahova Valley, at the bottom of the Bucegi mountains, that have a maximum altitude of 2505 m.

Its name literally means tree-logs in Romanian.

Buşteni’s average altitude is 900 m. It is one of the most popular mountain resorts, offering spectacular views, with lots of year-round tourism opportunities, ranging from skiing to mountain climbing.

The town and the surrounding mountains were the site of military confrontations in 1916, during World War I.

A large commemorative monument (about 25 m high), Heroes’ Cross (Crucea Eroilor) lies atop nearby Caraiman Peak, at nearly 2,260 m. The monument is lighted at night and is visible from virtually everywhere in Buşteni.

The average population is 15,000 inhabitants, although numbers vary greatly because of tourism. The main local industries are wood industry and tourism. Many holiday houses have been recently built in the town.

Also a new Information Tourism Center was set up near the City Hall.

Source: Wikipedia

A board which confirms that Busteni is similar to a french city, Moissy Cramayel

A board which confirms that Busteni is similar to a french city, Moissy Cramayel

 The Town Hall of Busteni

The Town Hall of Busteni

The cultural club from Busteni,the advertisment announces the beginning of the cultural week (10-18 august 2009)

The cultural club from Busteni,the advertisment announces the beginning of the cultural week (10-18 august 2009)

The main road that takes us to Brasov :-P

The main road that takes us to Brasov 😛

A "small" artistic moment captured in Nature :)

A "small" artistic moment captured in Nature 🙂

 Heroes Cross from Caraiman Peak seen in Busteni

Heroes Cross from Caraiman Peak seen in Busteni

How to protect better the Nature (Do not throw the rubbish in the forest!).Unfortunately, this message is respected by all  the tourists.

How to protect the Nature (Do not throw the garbage in the forest!). Unfortunately, this message is not respected by all tourists.

A mioritic picture caught in a quite,green angle (specific to this region),captured on the road to gondola lift

A mioritic picture caught in a quite,green angle (specific to this region),captured on the road to gondola lift

On the road which goes to gondola lift.Here you can find a lot of arbors with traditional romanian souvenirs,bars and restaurants

On the road which goes to gondola lift.Here you can find a lot of arbors with traditional Romanian souvenirs,bars and restaurants

A view of mountains in front of gondola lift start,near to Silva Hotel

A view of mountains in front of gondola lift point,near to Silva Hotel

First panoramic view at high! We were ready to get out of the gondola lift,at 2205 m high

First panoramic view at high! We were ready to get out of the gondola lift,at 2205 m high

First panoramic view at high! We were ready to get out of the gondola lift,at 2205 m high

Some nice donkeys sitting near the exit from gondola lift.We think they were ready for another road on the mountains 🙂

Such a silent and cold panorama surrounded us during our short excursion.You must take something warm to put on you if you don't want to get frozen ;)

Such a silent and cold panorama surrounded us during our short excursion.You must take something warm to put on you if you don't want to get frozen 😉

Down,to the right, on a band long for one kilometre outspreads an inexplicable positive magnetical field,so you get immediately fresh,no mater how tired you are!

Near to this zone,is an inexplicable positive magnetical field,so you can get immediately fresh,no mater how tired you are!

The pathway that goes to the Sphinx; to the right you see a hotel with a large restaurant down (the prices are not so high)

The pathway that goes to the Sphinx; to the right you see Babele Hut with a large restaurant down and a hotel (the prices are not so high)

Another "high view" at 2205 meters

Another "high view" at 2205 meters

A millennial natural monumental rock climbed by people...

A millennial natural monumental rock climbed by people...

An ancient altar of our ancestors..

An ancient altar of our ancestors..

Another extraordinary panoramic view!

Another extraordinary panoramic view!

A little tusk of frail beauty,between these imposing rocks

A little Viola flower

The Sphinx-an ancient sacred place;even the plate says that climbing on it is forbidden,a lot of people don't pay attention to it.

The Sphinx-an ancient sacred place;even the plate says that climbing on it is forbidden,a lot of people don't pay attention to it.

Circular sanctuary near the Sphinx

Circular sanctuary near the Sphinx

The Sphink,picture taken in a perfect angle!

The Sphink,picture taken in a perfect angle!

Surrounded by all these beauties,feeling the fresh,cold air and the silent settled around,you just can't stop making panoramic photos!

Surrounded by all these beauties,feeling the fresh,cold air and the silent settled around,you just can't stop making panoramic photos!

Another panoramic view...

Another panoramic view...

Babele (meaning old women)-another mystical rocks;some people believe it's an ancient historical monument, others that it's just the resulf of erosion.

Babele (meaning Old Women); another mystical rocks; some people believe it's an ancient historical monument, others that it's just the resulf of erosion.

An interesting cute mushroom noticed near rocks.It looks like a golden egg,doesn't it?

An interesting cute mushroom noticed near rocks.It looks like a golden egg,doesn't it?

 The place from where we take the gondola lift to bring us down (it takes 10 minutes to descend)

The place from where we take the gondola lift to bring us down (it takes 11 minutes to descend)

The "extremity" point of this part of mountains-from here,it starts to lower,to lower, to lower..

The "extremity" point of this part of mountains-from here,it starts to descent quickly...

The next attraction captured in gondola lift

The next attraction captured in gondola lift

The HUGE crowd-all these persons wait the gondola lift to descend,crowd longer than 50 meters (the same treatement expects you down,we waited more than an hour to take gondola lift).The whole ticket costs 54 lei-13 euros

The HUGE crowd-all these persons wait the gondola lift to descend,crowd longer than 50 meters (the same treatement expects you down,we waited more than an hour to take gondola lift).The whole ticket costs 54 lei-13 euros

Silva Hotel,a pretty expensive place to spend your vacations..

Silva Hotel,a pretty expensive place to spend your vacations..

Appartament houses in Busteni

Appartament houses in Busteni

A sweet,living dummy cat sleeping in a shopwindow which takes the glance of everyone who pass through..

A sweet,living dummy cat sleeping in a shopwindow which takes the glance of everyone who pass through..

Costila-the new commercial center opened recently in Busteni

Costila-the new commercial center opened recently in Busteni