Click on the map for more details about the city
Oradea (Hungarian: Nagyvárad, colloquially also Várad, German: Grosswardein, former Turkish: Varat, Yiddish: גרויסווארדיין, Italian: Gran Varadino) is the capital city of Bihor County, in Crişana, Romania.
The city proper has a population of 206,614 as of the 2002[update] census; this does not include areas from the metropolitan area, outside the municipality; they bring the total urban area population to approximately 260,000.
Oradea is one of the most prosperous cities of Romania.
The city lies at the meeting point of the Crişana plain and the Crişul Repede‘s basin. It is situated 126 meters above sea-level, surrounded on the north-eastern part by the hills of Oradea belonging to the Ses hills.
The main part of the settlement is situated on the floodplain and on the terraces situated down the river Crişul Repede. Oradea is famous for its thermal springs. The river Crişul Repede crosses the city right in the centre, providing it with a picturesque beauty.
Its output depends on the season; the water containers (the dyke near Tileagd) have partly controlled it ever since they were built in the early 1980s.
The beautiful city centre is worth visiting, as are the Băile Felix health spas, accessible by bus and located outside the city.
Other sites worth visiting are:
- Baroque Palace of Oradea – today Muzeul Ṭării Criṣurilor, a wonderful Baroque museum with 365 famous windows. It was the Roman Catholic bishop’s palace until 1945, when the Communist regime took the building into public ownership. It was returned to the Roman Catholic Church in 2003. Its collection includes many fossils of dinosaurs and birds from the bauxite mines at Cornet-Brusturi.
- Catedrala barocă – the biggest Baroque cathedral in Romania,
- Cetatea Oradea – Oradea’s Fortress, with a pentagonal fort,
- Biserica cu Lună – a church unique in Europe, with a type of astronomical clock depicting the phases of the moon,
- Pasajul Vulturul Negru – the „Black Eagle” Passage,
- Ady Endre Museum – a museum dedicated to one of the greatest Hungarian poets,
- Teatrul de Stat – the State Theatre, plans for which were designed by two Austrian architects who had built around 100 theatres and opera houses in Europe by the end of the 19th century,
- Str. Republicii – one of the most beautiful streets of Transylvania, displaying an incredible number of Art Nouveau buildings (under restoration in 2006),
- There are around 100 religious sites of different denominations in Oradea, including three synagogues (however, only one is said to be still in use) and the biggest Baptist church in Eastern Europe.
At the end of the tram line (last station)
From the tram...
The panel from the entrance into the "Cetatea Oradea" - Oradea's Fortress (XI century)
Roman Catholic Church inside of fortress
Inside of the fortress
Sculpture in the garden
Near to the entrance (inside)
One of the gate
Fleuron from the old gothic cathedral
Military barracks build for Austrian army in XVIII century
The bridge over the Crişul Repede River
Crişul Repede River
Together with the rivers Crişul Alb (White Criş) and Crişul Negru (Black Criş), it makes up the Three Criş rivers ("Cele Trei Crişuri")
At the entrance into the Pasajul Vulturul Negru – the "Black Eagle" Passage
Inside of Black Eagle Passage
Pasajul Vulturul Negru (Black Eagle Passage) was build between 1907-1908 together with the Palace with the same name
The statue of Mihai Viteazul (Michael the brave) in the center
The palace Vulturul Negru (Black Eagle)
St. Ladislaus church (Catholic)
Inside the church...
Virgin Mary statue
Near to the church, outside (the center and Michael statue is in left)
The Central Railway Station (Gara Centrală din Oradea )