Odessa (Ukraine)

For more details click on the map

For more details click on the map

Odessa or Odesa (Ukrainian: Одеса; Russian: Одесса; Romanian: Odesa; Greek: Οδησσός; Yiddish: אדעס) is the administrative center of the Odessa Oblast (province) located in southern Ukraine. The city is a major seaport located on the shore of the Black Sea and the fourth largest city in Ukraine with a population of 1,029,000 (as of the 2001 census).

Odessa was founded by Hacı I Giray, the Khan of Crimea, in 1240 and originally named Khadjibey after him. After a period of Lithuanian control, it passed into the domain of the Ottoman Sultan in 1529 and remained in Ottoman hands until the Ottoman Empire’s defeat in the Russo-Turkish War of 1792.

The Russians renamed the city Odessa in 1794. From 1819–1858 Odessa was a free port. During the Soviet period it was the most important port of trade in the Soviet Union and a Soviet naval base. On January 1, 2000 the Quarantine Pier of Odessa trade sea port was declared a free port and free economic zone for a term of 25 years.

In the 19th century it was the fourth largest city of Imperial Russia, after Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Warsaw. Its historical architecture has a style more Mediterranean than Russian, having been heavily influenced by French and Italian styles. Some buildings are built in a mixture of different styles, including Art Nouveau, Renaissance and Classicist.

Following the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 during World War I, Odessa was occupied by several groups, including the Ukrainian Tsentral’na Rada, the French Army, the Red Army and the White Army. Finally, in 1920, the Red Army took control of Odessa and united it with the Ukrainian SSR, which later became part of the USSR.

During World War II, from 1941–1944, Odessa was subject to Romanian administration, as the city had been made part of the Transnistria occupation district. Romanians used the name ‘Odessa’ as the Ukrainian version of the city. The Romanian occupation may be described a „soft one” compared to the short period of German occupation in 1944.

The Romanian commanding General made an unofficial armistice with the partisans hidden in the city’s catacombs, who in turn did not mount much resistance to the Romanians.

When the people of Odessa suffered from hunger, the Romanians transported grain from Bessarabia to Odessa in 1942 and 1943. It is told that the Romanians imported the best cognac and wines, in addition to two train loads of the best French food in 1942 to the restaurants of Odessa, from France.

During the April 1944 battle Odessa suffered severe damage and many casualties. Many parts of Odessa were damaged during its siege and recapture on 10 April 1944, when the city was finally liberated by the Red Army.

Following the Siege of Odessa, and the Axis occupation, approximately 25,000 Odessans (mostly Jews) were murdered and over 35,000 deported. Most of the atrocities were committed during the first six months of the occupation which officially begun on 17 October 1941, after the bombing of the Romanian HQ and the subsequent brutal response of the Romanian military.

After this time period, the Romanian administration changed its policy, refusing to deport the remaining Jewish population to extermination camps in German occupied Poland, and allowing Jews to work as hired labourers. As a result, despite the tragic events of 1941, the survival of the Jews in this area was higher than in other areas of occupied Europe.

Source: Wikipedia

Travel journal

If you are in Chisinau and you want to arrive in Odessa, the best idea is to get a vehicle –a bus from North Station (near Calea Basarabiei market).

So we did.

At 07.30 we took the first bus which goes to Odessa and we paid for a ticket 93 Moldavian lei (it means 5.8 euros). The bus-driver gave us an inquest to complete for entering in Ukraine.

A half of this inquest you give when you come in the country and another one when you leave it. We passed the customs very quickly, without problems and in 4-5 hours we arrived in Odessa.

As we didn’t have a map for orientation, we started to ask people how to arrive to Potemkin Stairs, which was our first visit. Honestly, we tell you, you must be patient with Ukrainian people because how many people you ask, you will receive different contradictory answers to arrive at the place you need 🙂

In this way, we took the trolley number 5, we paid for the ticket 1 grivna (0.08 euros) and after 4 stations we were on Tiraspol’skaya Street. We walked for other 15 minutes among some nice old buildings and we arrived at the Poteomkin Stairs.

By the way, the streets from Odessa are very nice in autumn :P.

We visited the Passage from Odessa which impressed us very much by its architecture. We have to recognize the prices from those shops were pretty high. On the streets, we saw a lot of expensive bars, restaurants and pubs, but interesting arranged, however, with few clients.

From the beginning, we were a bit disappointed a cause of those stairs-we thought it would be more imposing, but it looked like some usually stairs. From the right side, there was a funicular which leave you down, at the beginning of the stairs.

Sincerely, we don’t see the meaning of this funicular because the distance is not so long, it’s only 142 meters you can descend in 2 minutes!

A funny moment was when we had to split thousands of balloons threw from the roof of a building-people from Odessa celebrated the inauguration of a shopping center. It was nice to see people of all ages doing a thing that gave them a smile on theirs faces.

If you are in Ukraine, it is impossible to not respect the tradition- we bought beer and dry salt fish! How the harbour was near, we had a freezing walk on the promenade; the sea was not so hospitable with us.

At half past 5 we had to take the bus to return in Chisinau so we had to hurry to arrive at the bus station. We had the same problem: all people we asked what trolley we must take gave us different answers, but in the end we arrived to the final destination. 😛

From the bus station we bought some carrot pies (3.5 griva=0.25 euros each pie). The ticket price Odessa-Chisinau was 53 grivnas/person (equal 4 euros). At the customs; we gave the second part of that inquest we completed before we entered in Ukraine and in 4 hours we were in Chisinau.

Odessa seemed us to be a nice, pretty big city, with a lot of interesting places to visit, however, better in summer 😉

Bus station (Avtovokzal)

Bus station (Avtovokzal)

A kiosk with all kind of crumpets, just near to bus station

A kiosk with all kind of crumpets, just near to bus station

A soviet block

A soviet block

A very width tram

A very width tram (the ticket is 1 UAH which means 0.08 EURO)

Just a photo from the center, with ukrainian yellow marshutka

Just a photo from the center, with ukrainian yellow marshrutka

A bus...

A bus...

A nice building, with Cuba Cafe Bar

A nice building, with Cuba Cafe

Paved road in the old center

Paved road in the old center

Trolley...

Trolley...

Old center (the road to harbour)

Old center (the road to harbour)

DE TRADUS

Military of Ukraine (Southern forces)

Real hypermarket

Real hypermarket

You can observe the colour of the bars (Ukrainian flag)

You can observe the colour of the bars (Ukrainian flag)

I think this is Preobrazhenskiy Cathedral from Sobornaya Square

I think this is Preobrazhenskiy Cathedral from Sobornaya Square

Beeline mobile phone company from Russia and life:), Kyivstar, Golden Telecom and MTS from Ukraine

Beeline mobile phone company from Russia and life:), Kyivstar, Golden Telecom and MTS from Ukraine

The Passage from Odessa (1899) with baroque style

The Passage from Odessa (1899) "baroque style"

Built in 1899, by polish architect Lev Vlodek, the passage belonged to the merchant Mendelevich. Now, passage is one of the lare largest auction centers in Odessa

Built in 1899, by polish architect Lev Vlodek, the passage belonged to the merchant Mendelevich. Now, passage is one of the lare largest auction centers in Odessa

McDonald's

McDonald's

An exchange panel

An exchange panel

This is the monument of the founders of the city, build in 1900, restored in 2007

This is the monument of the founders of the city, build in 1900, restored in 2007

Nice buildings...

Nice buildings...

That was near to the Potemkin Stairs

That was near to the Potemkin Stairs

The 142-metre-long Potemkin Stairs

The 142-metre-long Potemkin Stairs

Slavic style :)

Slavic style 🙂

Wedding near to the Black Sea :P

Wedding near to the Black Sea 😛

The Potemkin Stairs were constructed between 1837–1841

The Potemkin Stairs were constructed between 1837–1841

Hair for all Ukraine from Yulia Volodymyrivna Tymoshenko (Ukrainian: Юлія Володимирівна Тимошенко), the Prime Minister of Ukraine

Hair for all Ukraine from Yulia Volodymyrivna Tymoshenko (Ukrainian: Юлія Володимирівна Тимошенко), the Prime Minister of Ukraine 🙂

In Kiev the machine is cheaper :)

In Kiev is cheaper 🙂

Trains near to the Odessa Harbour

Trains near to the Odessa Harbour

I love you, my Odessa :P

I love you, my Odessa 😛

The highway from the harbour

The highway from the harbour

An info panel at the harbour

An info panel at the harbour

An ukrainian vessel

An ukrainian vessel

Other vessels

Other vessels

Hotel Odessa on the Black Sea, just near to the harbour

Hotel Odessa on the Black Sea, just near to the harbour

UKRFERRY "Caledonia" which can take you to Istanbul :P

UKRFERRY "Caledonia" which can take you to Istanbul 😛

Lenin is alive :(

Lenin is alive 😦

A cute ukrainian cat :)

A cute ukrainian cat 😛

Public phone cabin

Public phone cabin

A panel with the condition of weather in the Bus station

A panel with the condition of weather in the Bus station

Kiev (Ukraine)

For more informations, click on the map

For more informations, click on the map

Kiev or Kyiv (Ukrainian: Київ), is the capital and the largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River.

The population as of the 2001 census was 2,611,300. However, higher numbers have been cited in the press.

Kiev is an important industrial, scientific, educational and cultural centre of Eastern Europe. It is home to many high-tech industries, higher education institutions and world-famous historical landmarks.

The city has an extensive infrastructure and highly developed system of public transport, including the Kiev Metro.

The name Kiev is said to derive from the name of Kyi, one of four legendary founders of the city (brothers Kyi, Shchek, Khoryv and sister Lybid’). During its history, Kiev, one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe, passed through several stages of great prominence and relative obscurity.

The city may have been founded in the 5th century as a trading post, perhaps part of the land of the early Slavs. It gradually acquired eminence as the centre of the East Slavic civilization, becoming in the tenth to twelfth centuries a political and cultural capital of Rus’, a medieval East Slavic state.

Completely destroyed during the Mongol invasion in 1240, the city lost most of its influence for the centuries to come. It was a provincial capital of marginal importance in the outskirts of the territories controlled by its powerful neighbors: first the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, followed by Poland and Russia.

The city prospered again during the Russian industrial revolution in the late 19th century. After the turbulent period following the Russian Revolution of 1917, from 1921 onwards Kiev was an important city of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and, from 1934, its capital.

During World War II, the city again suffered significant damage, but quickly recovered in the post-war years remaining the third largest city of the Soviet Union. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Ukrainian independence of 1991, Kiev remained the capital of Ukraine.

Source: Wikipedia

The first photo which i made outside of Kiev Railway Station :)

The first photo which i made outside of Kiev Railway Station 🙂

Kiev Passenger Railway Station (Ukrainian: "Київ-Пасажирський", Kyiv-Passazhyrs’kyi)

Kiev Passenger Railway Station (Ukrainian: "Київ-Пасажирський", Kyiv-Passazhyrs’kyi)

Vokzalna (Ukrainian: Вокзальна, Russian: Вокзальная,Vokzalnaya) is a station on Kiev Metro's Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line

Vokzalna (Ukrainian: Вокзальна, Russian: Вокзальная,Vokzalnaya) is a station on Kiev Metro's Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line

Inside of Vokzalna

Inside of Vokzalna

Dnieper River

Dnieper River

Some nice ducks on the river

Some nice ducks on the river

Waterlillies (Nymphaea)

Waterlillies (Nymphaea)

Mailbox (Поштa)

Mailbox (Поштa)

Watermelons from Kherson (Ukrainian and Russian: Херсон)

Watermelons from Kherson (Херсон)

Livoberezhna metro station

Livoberezhna metro station (Ukrainian: Лівобережна, Russian: Левобережная, Levoberezhnaya)

Metrowagonmash subway train (Russian: ОАО "Метровагонмаш")

Metrowagonmash subway train (Russian: ОАО "Метровагонмаш")

Arsenalna metro station is the deepest station in the world (102 metres)

Arsenalna metro station is the deepest station in the world (102 metres)

solar

Ukrainian Super Turbo Solar 🙂

monument comunist

Soviet monument near Arsenalna subway station

patriarch

A support message for Ukraine and Ukrainians from Patriarch Kirill I, or Cyril I, the Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus and Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church since February 1, 2009.

Gate Church of the Trinity (Pechersk Lavra)

Gate Church of the Trinity (Pechersk Lavra)

Great Lavra Belltower (Ukrainian: Велика Лаврська дзвіниця, Russian: Большая Лаврская колокольня)

Great Lavra Belltower (Ukrainian: Велика Лаврська дзвіниця, Russian: Большая Лаврская колокольня)

The guide panel from the entrance to the complex

The guide panel from the entrance to the complex

Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Ukrainian: Києво-Печерська лавра, Kyievo-Pechers’ka lavra; Russian: Киево-Печерская лавра, Kievo-Pecherskaya lavra), also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is a historic Orthodox Christian monastery in Kiev, Ukraine. Since its foundation as the cave monastery in 1015.

Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Ukrainian: Києво-Печерська лавра, Kyievo-Pechers’ka lavra; Russian: Киево-Печерская лавра, Kievo-Pecherskaya lavra), also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is a historic Orthodox Christian monastery in Kiev, Ukraine. Since its foundation as the cave monastery in 1015.

The same Cathedral

From close distance

The same Cathedral (Cathedral of the Dormition)

The same Cathedral (Cathedral of the Dormition)

The Dormition Cathedral was destroyed in World War II and reconstructed

The Dormition Cathedral was destroyed in World War II and reconstructed

Other photo with the Cathedral

Other photo with the Cathedral

The tunnel with Christian souvenirs

The tunnel with Christian souvenirs

Other popular souvenirs

Other popular souvenirs

A view from the back of the Cathedral

A view from the back of the Cathedral

This beautiful street is full of honey products

This beautiful street is full of honey products

A graffito with Dinamo Kiev footbal team (Ukrainian: ФК Динамо Київ, FK Dynamo Kyyiv)

A graffito with Dinamo Kiev footbal team (Ukrainian: ФК Динамо Київ, FK Dynamo Kyyiv)

A subway tunnel of Kiev Metro

A subway tunnel of Kiev Metro

Poshtova Ploshcha subway station (Ukrainian: Поштова площа; Russian: Почтовая площадь, Pochtovaya ploschad)

Poshtova Ploshcha subway station (Ukrainian: Поштова площа; Russian: Почтовая площадь, Pochtovaya ploschad)

The entrance to the station

The entrance to the station

Kiev funicular ((Ukrainian: Київський фунікулер, Russian: Киевский фуникулёр). Wheel width: 100 cm. Total track length: 238 meters.

Kiev funicular ((Ukrainian: Київський фунікулер, Russian: Киевский фуникулёр). Wheel width: 100 cm. Total track length: 238 meters.

The wagon from funicular

The wagon from funicular

The system's two track sidings

The system's two track sidings

Inside of wagon

Inside of wagon

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Міністерство закордонних справ України).

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Міністерство закордонних справ України).

Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev (Собор Святої Софії); XII century

Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev (Собор Святої Софії); XI century

The statue of Bohdan Khmelnytsky in front of the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev, Ukraine.

The statue of Bohdan Khmelnytsky in front of the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev, Ukraine.

Patriarch Volodymyr (Romaniuk) (Romaniuk Vasiliy Emelianovitch) (1925 – July 14, 1995) was the Patriarch of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchy from 1993 to 1995.

The grave of Patriarch Volodymyr (Romaniuk) (Romaniuk Vasiliy Emelianovitch) (1925 – July 14, 1995) was the Patriarch of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchy from 1993 to 1995.

Souvenir penny in the garden of Saint Sophia Cathedral :)

Souvenir Penny in the garden of Saint Sophia Cathedral 🙂

The panel from the entrance with prices for visitors and program

The panel from the entrance with prices for visitors and program

The belltower of the Saint Sophia

The belltower of the Saint Sophia

Inside of the belltower

Inside of belltower

Other view of the Cathedral

Other view of the Cathedral

National History Museum of Ukraine

National History Museum of Ukraine

Other graffito with Dinamo Kiev near to Lobanovsky Dynamo Stadium

Other graffito with Dinamo Kiev near to Lobanovsky Dynamo Stadium

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Верховна Рада України; English: Supreme Council of Ukraine) is Ukraine's parliament.

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Верховна Рада України; English: Supreme Council of Ukraine) is Ukraine's parliament.

Dacia car in Kiev :)

Dacia car in Kiev 🙂

House with Chimaeras or Gorodetsky House (Ukrainian: Будинок з химерами)

House with Chimaeras or Gorodetsky House (Ukrainian: Будинок з химерами)

The building of the Presidential Secretariat is near to the House with Chimaeras

The building of the Presidential Secretariat is near to the House with Chimaeras

Khreshchatyk subway station of Kiev Metro

Khreshchatyk subway station of Kiev Metro

I made this photo near to the Independence Square

I made this photo near to the Independence Square

The monument of Berehynia from Independence Square "Maidan Nezalezhnosti" (Ukrainian: Майдан Незалежності

The monument of Berehynia from Independence Square "Maidan Nezalezhnosti" (Ukrainian: Майдан Незалежності

The base of monument

The base of monument

Hotel Ukraina (Ukrainian: Готель Україна; Russian: Гостиница Украина) from the Independence Square

Hotel Ukraina (Ukrainian: Готель Україна; Russian: Гостиница Украина) from the Independence Square

Flood in Independence Square :)

Flood in Independence Square 🙂

The Golden Gate of Kiev (Ukrainian: Золоті ворота, Zoloti vorota) constructed by Yaroslav the Wise (c. 978 in Kiev - February 20, 1054 in Kiev)

The Golden Gate of Kiev (Ukrainian: Золоті ворота, Zoloti vorota) constructed by Yaroslav the Wise (c. 978 in Kiev - February 20, 1054 in Kiev)

The monument from the The Ukrainian National Chernobyl Museum (Ukrainian: Українськии національний музей "Чорнобиль")

The monument from the The Ukrainian National Chernobyl Museum (Ukrainian: Українськии національний музей "Чорнобиль")

The panel from the entrance

The panel from the entrance

A device for measure the level of radiation into the museum

A device for measure the level of radiation into the museum

Map of radioactive contamination of animals

Map of radioactive contamination of animals

A sculpture devoted to memory of the helicopter's Mi-8 crew

A sculpture devoted to memory of the helicopter's Mil Mi-8 crew

A map with radioactive contamination after the Chernobyl disaster

A map with radioactive contamination after the Chernobyl disaster

Costumes of Liquidators, approximately 800,000 people who were in charge of the removal of the consequences of the April 26, 1986 Chernobyl disaster on the site of the event.

Costumes of Liquidators, approximately 800,000 people who were in charge of the removal of the consequences of the April 26, 1986 Chernobyl disaster on the site of the event.

Other costumes

Other costumes

The effects...

The effects...

Toys of the kids from Prypiat

Toys of the kids from Prypiat

A display of road signs for various settlements near Chernobyl. Abandoned areas inside the zone of alienation are struck out with a pink slash.

A display of road signs for various settlements near Chernobyl. Abandoned areas inside the "Zone of alienation" are struck out with a pink slash.